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Table 1 Baseline sample characteristicsa of youth with type 1 diabetes participating in a behavioral nutrition intervention

From: Differential reporting of fruit and vegetable intake among youth in a randomized controlled trial of a behavioral nutrition intervention

  Overall (n = 136) Intervention (n = 66) Control (n = 70) p
Age, years 12.7 ± 2.6 12.5 ± 2.7 13.0 ± 2.5 0.27
Body mass index, kg/m2 21.3 ± 4.2 21.0 ± 4.1 21.6 ± 4.3 0.37
HbA1cb, (%) 8.1 ± 1.0 8.1 ± 1.1 8.1 ± 1.0 0.95
Duration of diabetes, years 6.0 ± 3.1 5.6 ± 2.5 6.4 ± 3.6 0.15
Youth race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white 123 (90.4) 58 (87.9) 65 (92.9) 0.17
 Non-Hispanic black 5 (3.7) 2 (3.0) 3 (4.3)  
 Hispanic 7 (5.2) 6 (9.1) 1 (1.4)  
 American Indian/Alaska Native 1 (0.7) 0 (0) 1 (1.4)  
Use of multivitamin supplement
 Yes 51 (37.5) 19 (28.8) 32 (45.7) 0.05
 No 85 (62.5) 47 (71.2) 38 (54.3)  
Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol 86.35 ± 23.96 85.66 ± 19.68 87.00 ± 27.53 0.75
High density lipoprotein-cholesterol 56.55 ± 1.17 56.52 ± 13.97 56.58 ± 13.30 0.98
Fruit and vegetable intake, servings/day 1.69 ± 0.09 1.77 ± 0.13 1.63 ± 0.12 0.36
Serum carotenoids, μg/ml 1.44 ± 0.68 1.45 ± 0.10 1.43 ± 0.07 0.85
  1. aValues are mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  2. bHbA1c, Glycated hemoglobin