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Table 2 Association of reported fruit and vegetable intake with serum carotenoidsa for intervention and control groups at baseline and follow up

From: Differential reporting of fruit and vegetable intake among youth in a randomized controlled trial of a behavioral nutrition intervention

Visit timeline Intervention Control
  βb p βb P
Baseline 0.45 < 0.001 0.23 0.07
6 months follow-up 0.54 < 0.001 0.38 < 0.001
12 months follow-up 0.29 0.02 0.26 0.04
18 months follow-up 0.28 0.009 0.29 0.03
  1. aEstimated by regressing fruit and vegetable intake on serum carotenoids
  2. bAdjusted for age, sex, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, BMI z-score, glycated hemoglobin and multivitamin use