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Table 2 Gender and age as moderators of the associations between depression, emotional eating and 7-year change in adiposity indicatorsa

From: Depression, emotional eating and long-term weight changes: a population-based prospective study

  Men Women Gender * latent factor interaction 35-year-olds 50-year-olds 65-year-olds Age * latent factor interaction
β (SE)b β (SE)b β (SE) β (SE)b β (SE)b β (SE)b β (SE)
Models for BMI
 EE 2007 ➔ BMI change 0.066 (0.050)
P = 0.182
0.136 (0.037)
P < 0.001
0.070 (0.062)
P = 0.260
0.078 (0.051)
P = 0.125
0.104 (0.031)
P = 0.001
0.131 (0.040)
P = 0.001
0.002 (0.002)
P = 0.428
 Depression 2007 ➔ BMI change 0.082 (0.085)
P = 0.330
0.219 (0.067)
P = 0.001
0.137 (0.108)
P = 0.205
0.456 (0.092)
P < 0.001
0.218 (0.054)
P < 0.001
−0.020 (0.071)
P = 0.780
−0.016 (0.004)
P < 0.001
Models for WC
 EE 2007 ➔ WC change 0.082 (0.050)
P = 0.101
0.149 (0.038)
P < 0.001
0.067 (0.063)
P = 0.284
0.027 (0.051)
P = 0.595
0.108 (0.031)
P < 0.001
0.190 (0.040)
P < 0.001
0.005 (0.002)
P = 0.016
 Depression 2007 ➔ WC change 0.082 (0.084)
P = 0.329
0.217 (0.068)
P = 0.001
0.134 (0.108)
P = 0.214
0.303 (0.093)
P = 0.001
0.186 (0.054)
P = 0.001
0.070 (0.072)
P = 0.333
−0.008 (0.004)
P = 0.065
  1. BMI body mass index, EE emotional eating, WC waist circumference
  2. aModels for gender were adjusted for age and models for age were adjusted for gender
  3. bEstimates were derived by calculating simple slope tests at different values of the moderator [49]