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Table 3 The relationship between dental status and daily nutrient intake

From: The impact of dental status on perceived ability to eat certain foods and nutrient intakes in older adults: cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008–2014

     Unadjusted Adjusteda
Nutrient Dental status Mean SD Mean difference 95% CI P Mean difference SD P
Energy kJ/d [1 kcal = 4.186 kJ) DEN 7178.68 2000.11 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 6939.84 1891.55 − 238.84 − 518.59, 40.91 0.094 −87.55 − 359.96, 184.86 0.528
E-DEN 6574.01 1846.91 − 604.67 − 888.13, − 321.21 < 0.001 38.83 − 212.96, 290.61 0.762
Protein g/d DEN 70.85 20.56 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 69.20 18.12 −1.65 −4.41, 1.11 0.242 0.71 −1.13, 2.55 0.447
E-DEN 63.46 17.33 −7.39 −10.18, − 4.59 < 0.001 − 1.73 −3.71, 0.26 0.089
Fat g/d DEN 64.84 23.14 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 62.25 21.81 −2.59 −5.81, 0.62 0.114 −0.77 − 2.42, 0.88 0.359
E-DEN 60.02 20.88 −4.82 −8.08, − 1.56 0.004 0.04 −1.75, 1.82 0.968
Sat Fat g/d DEN 25.24 10.56 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 24.42 9.67 −0.82 −2.31, 0.67 0.279 −0.35 −1.31, 0.61 0.476
E-DEN 24.48 10.33 −0.75 −2.26, 0.76 0.328 0.64 −0.40, 1.68 0.229
Mono Fat g/d DEN 22.52 8.58 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 21.57 8.19 −0.95 −2.13, 0.22 0.112 −0.19 −0.88, 0.50 0.588
E-DEN 20.43 7.18 −2.09 −3.28, − 0.90 0.001 − 0.13 − 0.88, 0.62 0.743
Omega 3 fatty acids g/d DEN 2.04 1.05 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 1.86 0.98 −0.18 −0.33, − 0.04 0.012 − 0.10 − 0.23, 0.02 0.110
E-DEN 1.63 0.86 −0.41 −0.56, − 0.27 < 0.001 − 0.19 − 0.32, − 0.05 0.006
Omega 6 fatty acids g/d DEN 8.72 3.76 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 8.27 3.58 −0.45 − 0.97, 0.07 0.090 − 0.10 − 0.48, 0.29 0.632
E-DEN 7.54 3.25 −1.18 − 1.71, −0.66 < 0.001 −0.32 − 0.74, 0.10 0.134
Carbohydrate g/d DEN 204.71 63.81 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 202.84 60.70 −1.87 −10.69, 6.96 0.679 5.22 0.76, 9.69 0.022
E-DEN 194.59 55.93 −10.12 − 19.07, − 1.18 0.027 6.80 1.97, 11.63 0.006
Total sugars g/d DEN 92.94 39.15 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 92.94 39.15 −0.53 −5.96, 4.90 0.848 2.29 −1.74, 6.33 0.265
E-DEN 82.00 33.92 −10.94 −16.45, −5.44 < 0.001 −2.35 −6.71, 2.02 0.291
NSP g/d DEN 14.31 4.98 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 13.67 4.73 −0.64 −1.32, − 1.80 0.068 − 0.13 − 0.71, 0.45 0.664
E-DEN 11.82 4.25 −2.50 −3.19, − 1.80 < 0.001 − 1.11 − 1.74, − 0.48 0.001
  1. Sat Fat, saturated fat; Mono fat, monounsaturated fat; and NSP, non-starch polysaccharides. Data analysed using multiple regression. Data presented as means (SD), and unadjusted and adjusted differences in means (95% CI). The DEN group was fixed as the reference category in each model. aAdjusted for age, gender, SES (low, med & high), living status (living alone or not living alone), energy intake (kJ/d), survey year and smoking status (current smoker, past regular smoker & never smoked)