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Table 6 The relationship between dental status and biochemical measures of nutritional status

From: The impact of dental status on perceived ability to eat certain foods and nutrient intakes in older adults: cross-sectional analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey 2008–2014

     Unadjusted Adjustedb
Nutrient Dental status Mean SD Mean difference 95% CI P Mean difference 95% CI P
Retinol μmol/L DEN 1.92 0.49 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 1.91 0.54 −0.01 −0.12, 0.10 0.863 −0.00 −0.11, 0.10 0.941
E-DEN 1.85 0.55 −0.07 −0.18, 0.05 0.272 − 0.07 −0.19, 0.06 0.305
Vitamin B6 PLP n/mol/La DEN 41.20 26.55, 59.53 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 40.12 25.00, 59.00 −1.03 −1.17, 1.11 0.688 1.01 −1.13, 1.14 0.907
E-DEN 29.07 18.15, 43.45 −1.42 −1.63, − 1.23 < 0.001 −1.27 − 1.47, − 1.10 0.001
Vitamin B12 pmol/L DEN 269.61 104.67 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 269.86 99.64 0.25 −21.10, 21.59 0.982 2.74 −18.23, 23.72 0.797
E-DEN 254.93 107.56 −14.68 −37.49, 8.13 0.207 −5.32 −29.19, 18.55 0.662
Vitamin C μmol/L DEN 49.76 21.52 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 51.70 21.40 1.94 −2.58, 6.45 0.400 2.91 −1.32, 7.13 0.177
E-DEN 39.05 21.06 −10.71 −15.57, − 5.85 < 0.001 −6.42 − 11.26, − 1.58 0.009
25-OH-D nmol/L DEN 44.34 22.10 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 43.62 20.74 −0.72 −5.25, 3.80 0.754 0.25 −4.05, 4.56 0.909
E-DEN 39.97 23.38 −4.37 −9.28, 0.53 0.081 −2.25 −7.22, 2.73 0.375
β-Carotene μmol/La DEN 0.43 0.28, 0.69 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 0.41 0.27, 0.62 −1.05 −1.12, 1.02 0.145 − 1.04 −1.11, 1.03 0.293
E-DEN 0.34 0.24, 0.52 −1.14 −1.23, − 1.06 < 0.001 −1.10 − 1.19, − 1.02 0.015
Ferritin μg/La DEN 80.41 43.00, 164.50 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
D-DEN 82.07 44.25, 153.75 1.02 1.19, 1.24 0.836 1.08 −1.13, 1.30 0.448
E-DEN 74.47 43.50, 143.50 −1.08 −1.19, 1.24 0.470 1.02 −1.22, 1.27 0.863
  1. Data analysed using multiple regression. Data presented as means (SD), and unadjusted and adjusted differences in means (95% CI). aVariables were naturally logged transformed for analysis, and presented as geometric means (IQRs), and ratio of the geometric means (95% CIs). DEN group was fixed as the reference category in each model. bAdjusted for age, gender, SES (low, med & high), living status (living alone or not living alone), energy intake (kJ/d), survey year, smoking status (current smoker, past regular smoker & never smoked) and nutritional supplement use (yes/no).