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Table 1 Characteristics of 34,257 participants stratified by change in body weight from HUNT1 to HUNT2

From: Long-term changes in body weight and physical activity in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: the HUNT study

  Change in body weight from HUNT1 to HUNT2
Loss (≥5%) Stable (< 5% change) Gain (≥5%)
Number of persons, n 2701 11,840 19,716
 Female, % (n) 57 (1546) 43 (5091) 56 (11,063)
Age, mean (SD) 66.7 (14.6) 58.8 (13.6) 51.0 (11.9)
Body Mass Index, mean (SD) 24.6 (4.0) 25.8 (3.7) 27.4 (4.0)
Higher educationa, % (n) 8.5 (229) 14.9 (1769) 18.5 (3642)
Current smokers, % (n) 33.3 (898) 28.8 (3407) 25.3 (4992)
Alcohol consumption (≥5 units)b, % (n) 5.6 (145) 10.2 (1145) 12.4 (2292)
History of cardiovascular diseasec, % (n) 14.0 (380) 7.2 (849) 3.5 (687)
Insomnia symptoms, % (n) 17.9 (483) 14.3 (1687) 11.9 (2354)
Weight change in kilograms, mean (SD) −7.4 (4.0) 0.7 (2.0) 9.0 (4.8)
 Remained active −7.2 (3.8) 0.7 (2.0) 8.9 (4.7)
 Inactive to active −8.1 (5.1) 0.6 (2.1) 9.0 (4.7)
 Active to inactive −7.8 (4.2) 0.5 (2.1) 9.7 (5.4)
 Remained inactive −8.3 (5.2) 0.6 (2.1) 9.9 (5.7)
Physical activity, % (n)
 Remained active 74.4 (2009) 84.5 (10,007) 85.6 (16,885)
 Inactive to active 8.4 (227) 6.8 (810) 6.8 (1341)
 Active to inactive 12.4 (335) 6.3 (746) 5.5 (1092)
 Remained inactive 4.8 (130) 2.3 (277) 2.0 (398)
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation
  2. aCollege or higher
  3. bOver a 2-week period
  4. cMyocardial infarction or stroke/cerebral haemorrhage