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Table 3 Combined effect of concurrent changes in weight and leisure-time physical activity on cardiovascular mortality

From: Long-term changes in body weight and physical activity in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: the HUNT study

Change in leisure -time physical activity Change in weighta
Loss (≥5%) Stable (< 5% change) Gain (≥5%)
Person years/ death Adjusted HRb 95% CI Person years/ death Adjusted HRb 95% CI Person years/ death Adjusted HRb 95% CI
Cardiovascular Mortality
 Remained active 25,127/483 1.56 1.40, 1.74 154,446/1102 1.00 Reference 279,598/802 1.06 0.96, 1.16
 Inactive to active 2763/54 1.40 1.06, 1.84 11,934/126 1.32 1.10, 1.59 21,739/96 1.28 1.04, 1.58
 Active to inactive 2850/123 1.70 1.41, 2.06 9558/191 1.60 1.36, 1.86 16,577/139 1.46 1.22, 1.75
 Remained inactive 1145/44 2.25 1.66, 3.05 3656/58 1.37 1.05, 1.79 5960/146 1.57 1.17, 2.12
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, HR hazard ratio
  2. aCalculated as change in kilograms between the baseline in HUNT1 and last examination in HUNT2
  3. bAdjusted for age, sex, education (< 10 years, 10 to 12 years, and ≥ 13 years, unknown), smoking status (never, former, current, unknown), alcohol consumption (0 units, 1–4 units, ≥5 units, unknown), insomnia symptoms (no, yes, unknown), and history of cardiovascular disease (no, yes, unknown)