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Table 1 Fathers’ self-efficacy category to promote healthy eating according to paternal predictorsa

From: Paternal self-efficacy for promoting children’s obesity protective diets and associations with children’s dietary intakes

Paternal characteristics Persistently low self-efficacy Decreasing self-efficacy Increasing self-efficacy
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age
 ≤33.4 years 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref)
 ≥33.5 years 0.34 (0.10–1.15) 1.11 (0.60–2.10) 1.00 (0.41–2.47)
Education
 High school or lower 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref)
 Trade or certificate 0.03 (0.004–0.19) 0.16 (0.05–0.50) 0.06 (0.01–0.26)
 University 0.13 (0.03–0.53) 0.27 (0.09–0.84) 0.24 (0.06–0.95)
BMI category
 Healthy weight 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref)
 Over weight 2.12 (0.53–8.37) 0.82 (0.40–1.67) 0.65 (0.25–1.71)
 Obese 1.60 (0.24–10.81) 1.58 (0.62–4.04) 0.46 (0.08–2.44)
  1. Multinomial logistic regression, adjusted for intervention group and clustering by first-time parent group (reference group persistently high self-efficacy)
  2. aBold results are significant at p < 0.005