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Table 2 Potential reduction in mortality by the use of FoPLs, by principal cause and by label

From: Modelling the impact of different front-of-package nutrition labels on mortality from non-communicable chronic disease

  MTL HSR RIs Nutri-Score SENS Control
Mean differences (number of deaths)
 Total 3583 (2657 to 4532) 6265 (5115 to 7409) 4223 (3569 to 4886) 7680 (6636 to 8732) 2365 (1761 to 2975) − 307 (− 826 to 168)
 Cardiovascular disease 3151 (2250 to 4090) 5246 (4162 to 6391) 3517 (2910 to 4141) 6189 (5220 to 7197) 1823 (1269 to 2386) − 458 (− 968 to 16)
 Cancer 103 (−11 to 221) 770 (486 to 1024) 548 (339 to 743) 1030 (713 to 1332) 416 (198 to 615) 113 (38 to 184)
Variant 1 (best case): mean differences among participants in the first quartile of difference in FSAm-NPS (number of deaths)
 Total 5158 (3940 to 6400) 11231 (9350 to 13104) 7336 (5814 to 8909) 10488 (8976 to 11967) 5226 (4287 to 6186) 2880 (2247 to 3472)
 Cardiovascular disease 4482 (3291 to 5695) 9317 (7572 to 11157) 6561 (5067 to 8134) 8525 (7095 to 9955) 4355 (3452 to 5274) 2241 (1626 to 2807)
 Cancer 213 (29 to 397) 1583 (981 to 2128) 498 (356 to 629) 1298 (922 to 1645) 511 (285 to 716) 516 (297 to 719)
Variant 2 (worst case): mean differences among participants in the fourth quartile of difference in FSAm-NPS (number of deaths)
 Total − 1414 (− 2404 to − 450) − 1342 (− 1820 to − 859) − 983 (− 1799 to − 224) 1808 (1143 to 2446) − 2186 (− 3131 to − 1302) − 7389 (− 9755 to − 5237)
 Cardiovascular disease − 832 (− 1713 to 58) −995 (− 1403 to − 578) − 1130 (− 1958 to − 383) 1341 (706 to 1970) − 2062 (− 2978 to − 1183) − 6602 (− 8976 to − 4467)
 Cancer −732 (− 1129 to − 311) −403 (− 642 to − 160) 181 (72 to 286) 98 (− 24 to 229) − 1 (− 170 to 161) − 382 (− 491 to − 271)
  1. MTL Multiple Traffic Lights, HSR Health Star Rating, RIs Reference Intakes, FSAm-NPS Food Standards Agency modified Nutrient Profiling System; SENS: Système d’Etiquetage Nutritionnel Simplifié
  2. Results are expressed as number of deaths