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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of N = 100 parent-child pairs (N = 100 children and N = 87 parents) participating in the H2GO! pilot study (2016–2017)*

From: Reducing sugary drink intake through youth empowerment: results from a pilot-site randomized study

Child Baseline Characteristics Intervention (N = 51) Comparison (N = 49) Total (N = 100) p-value
Gender
 Female 29 (56.9%) 17 (34.7%) 46 (46.0%) 0.026
Age (years) 10.0 (1.1) 10.2 (1.0) 10.1 (1.0) 0.48
Race 0.0012
 White 4 (7.8%) 9 (18.4%) 13 (13.0%)  
 Black 26 (51.0%) 12 (24.5%) 38 (38.0%)  
 Hispanic/Latino 12 (23.5%) 8 (16.3%) 20 (20.0%)  
 Asian 0 (0.0%) 11 (22.4%) 11 (11.0%)  
 Multiracial 7 (13.7%) 5 (10.2%) 12 (12.0%)  
 Other 1 (2.0%) 4 (8.12%) 5 (5.0%)  
*N = 1 missing
Weight Status 0.52
 Underweight 2 (3.9%) 3 (6.1%) 5 (5.0%)  
 Healthy weight 17 (33.3%) 22 (44.9%) 39 (39.0%)  
 Overweight 13 (25.5%) 8 (16.3%) 21 (21.0%)  
 Obese 19 (37.3%) 16 (32.6%) 35 (35.0%)  
zBMI 1.1 (1.0) 1.0 (1.1) 1.0 (1.0) 0.39
Child Behavior
 Child SSB consumption (servings/day) 3.0 (2.7) 2.8 (2.4) 2.9 (2.6) 0.66
 Child water consumption (cups/day) 5.3 (2.2) 5.5 (2.3) 5.4 (2.3) 0.73
Parent Baseline Characteristics Intervention N = 44 Comparison N = 43 Overall N = 87 p-value
Gender 0.39
 Female 36 (81.8%) 32 (74.4%) 68 (78.2%)  
Age (years) 38.2 (7.5) 38.1 (8.3) 38.2 (8.0) 0.95
Race 0.01
 White 5 (11.4%) 4 (9.3%) 9 (10.3%)  
 Black 17 (38.6%) 9 (20.9%) 26 (29.9%)  
 Hispanic/Latino 19 (43.2%) 14 (32.6%) 33 (37.9%)  
 Asian 1 (2.3%) 12 (27.9%) 13 (14.9%)  
 Multiracial/Other 2 (4.6%) 4 (9.3%) 6 (6.9%)  
Annual Income     0.99
  < $30,000 22 (50.0%) 21 (48.8%) 43 (49.4%)  
 $30,000-49,999 13 (29.6%) 12 (27.9%) 25 (28.7%)  
  ≥ $50,000 8 (18.2%) 9 (20.9%) 17 (19.5%)  
*N = 3 missing
Education 0.22
  ≤ High school degree 14 (31.8%) 20 (46.51%) 34 (39.1%)  
 Some college 15 (34.1%) 12 (27.9%) 27 (31.0%)  
  ≥ College degree 12 (27.3%) 11 (25.6%) 23 (26.4%)  
*N = 3 missing  
Occupation 0.99
 Employed full-time 22 (50.0%) 21 (48.8%) 43 (49.4%)  
 Employed part-time 13 (29.6%) 12 (27.9%) 25 (28.7%)  
 Other (disabled, retired, unemployed, homemaker) 8 (18.2%) 9 (20.9%) 17 (19.5%)  
*N = 2 missing
Household eligible for the free-and-reduced-price lunch program 34 (77.3%) 34 (79.1%) 68 (78.2%) 0.34
Parent Behavior
 Purchase SSBs for family 28 (63.6%) 26 (60.5%) 54 (62.1%) 0.31
 Parent SSB consumption (servings/day) 2.5 (2.2) 1.7 (1.5) 2.1 (1.9) 0.06
 Parent water consumption (cups/day) 5.1 (2.0) 5.0 (2.4) 5.1 (2.2) 0.96
Home Environment
 SSBs available at home 28 (63.6%) 24 (55.8%) 52 (59.8%) 0.46
  1. *p-values are from t-tests for continuous measures and chi-squared tests for categorical and binary measures