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Table 4 Among predominantly breastfed infants, there were greater odds for feeding as the first soothing strategy in response to infant fussiness for Control mothers, compared to Responsive Parenting mothers, and during the nighttime compared to the daytime. Models show study group by feeding mode and time of day by feeding mode interactions on Fed First, compared to Not Fed First

From: Ecological momentary assessment of using food to soothe during infancy in the INSIGHT trial

  OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Predominantly breastfed (n = 95) Not predominantly breastfed (n = 61)
Study group by feeding mode interaction
 Responsive Parenting REF   REF  
 Control 1.2 (1.1–1.3) < 0.01 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 0.70
Time of day by feeding mode interaction
 Daytime REF   REF  
 Nighttime 1.1 (1.0–1.1) < 0.01 1.0 (1.0–1.0) 0.69
  1. Predominantly breastfed: ≥80% feedings as breast milk, either at the bottle or breast. Nighttime = 10:00 PM-6:00 AM; Daytime = 6:00 AM-10:00 PM
  2. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval