Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of White, Latino and Mexican population who participated in the IFPS (n = 7159)*

From: Understanding and use of food labeling systems among Whites and Latinos in the United States and among Mexicans: Results from the International Food Policy Study, 2017

  White (n = 2959) Latino (n = 667) Mexican (n = 3533) P valuea
% [95% CI] % [95% CI] % [95% CI]
Sex
 Female 49.88 [47.65–52.10] 49.51 [44.99–54.03] 51.42 [49.49–53.33] p = 0.5313
 Male 50.12 [47.89–52.34] 50.49 [45.96–55.00] 48.58 [46.66–50.50]
Age group
 18–33 28.62 [26.74–30.57] 42.15 [37.82–46.59] 42.74 [40.92–44.57] p < 0.001
 34–49 29.60 [27.41–31.88] 45.96 [41.42–50.55] 35.53 [33.72–37.38]
 50–64 41.78 [39.64–43.94] 11.89 [9.46–14.85] 21.72 [19.82–23.74]
Survey language
 English 100 32.55 [28.53–36.85] 0 p < 0.001
 Spanish 0 67.45 [63.14–71.46] 100
Education level
 High school or lower 18.48 [16.79–20.30] 24.34 [20.73–28.34] 15.68 [14.39–17.05] p < 0.001
 Technical studies 20.02 [18.28–21.87] 20.61 [17.07–24.65] 12.49 [11.24–13.85]
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 61.50 [59.29–63.64] 55.05 [50.50–59.51] 71.83 [70.08–73.50]
Income adequacy
 Difficult 16.46 [14.86–18.18] 29.84 [25.80–34.21] 41.55 [39.64–43.47] p < 0.001
 Neither easy nor difficult 30.29 [28.28–32.37] 36.87 [32.59–41.36] 38.32 [36.46–40.20]
 Easy 53.25 [51.02–55.46] 33.29 [29.23–37.60] 20.14 [18.66–21.69]
Occupation
 Worker or student 61.10 [58.92–63.22] 54.18 [49.65–58.63] 55.50 [53.57–57.40] p < 0.001
 Unemployed 24.45 [22.63–26.35] 20.31 [17.02–24.04] 14.41 [13.08–15.85]
 Part time student and/or pt-worker 14.45 [12.95–16.08] 25.51 [21.75–29.66] 30.09 [28.37–31.86]
BMIb
 Normal weight 38.02 [35.89–40.18] 39.43 [35.10–43.93] 44.72 [42.82–46.64] p < 0.001
 Overweight 35.54 [33.40–37.73] 37.38 [33.10–41.85] 36.27 [34.41–38.15]
 Obesity 26.44 [24.54–28.42] 23.19 [19.54–27.27] 19.01 [17.53–20.57]
Self-report of nutrition knowledge
 Not knowledgeable 26.87 [24.89–28.94] 27.41 [23.57–31.60] 29.92 [28.22–31.67] p < 0.001
 Somewhat knowledgeable 43.45 [41.25–45.65] 51.44 [46.91–55.95] 55.14 [53.21–57.05]
 Knowledgeable 29.68 [27.71–31.73] 21.15 [17.65–25.11] 14.94 [13.52–16.47]
Daily calorie count
 Never 62.03 [59.85–64.16] 56.57 [52.03–60.99] 70.86 [69.06–72.58] p < 0.001
 Sometimes 31.16 [29.14–33.24] 36.61 [32.35–41.08] 25.57 [23.93–27.28]
 Most of the time 6.81 [5.76–8.02] 6.82 [4.92–9.37] 3.57 [2.85–4.44]
Food shopping in your household
 Yes 66.44 [64.26–68.55] 75.34 [71.17–79.07] 67.97 [66.19–69.68] p < 0.001
 No 10.94 [9.45–12.61] 8.16 [5.94–11.11] 8.66 [7.71–9.70]
 Share 22.62 [20.83–24.50] 16.49 [13.37–20.16] 23.38 [21.83–24.99]
  1. 95% CI = 95% Confidence Intervals
  2. *Data were weighted using survey weights
  3. aPearson χ2 tests were calculated to determine differences by socio-demographic characteristics and ethnicity
  4. bBody Mass Index (BMI) classification: normal weight (18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2), overweight (25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2), and obesity (> 30 kg/m2)