Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants, AusDiab study, 1999–2000, (N = 2023)

From: Neighborhood walkability and 12-year changes in cardio-metabolic risk: the mediating role of physical activity

Baseline characteristics Means (SD) or Percentages
Age, years 49.8 (10.2)
Gender, % Women 54.5
Education
 % High school or less 33.1
 % Technical or vocation 43.1
 % Bachelor’s degree or more 23.8
Employment status
 % Working 74.3
 % Not working 25.1
 % Others 0.6
Weekly household income
 % Less than $600 27.4
 % $600–1500 48.0
 % > $1500 24.7
Marital status, % couple 86.1
Children in household, % yes 48.3
Cardio-metabolic risk markers
 WC (cm) 88.7 (13.1)
 Weight (kg) 75.5 (15.4)
 SBP (mmHg) 127.0 (16.7)
 DBP (mmHg) 70.4 (11.3)
 FPG (mg/dL) 98.7 (17.6)
 2-h PG (mg/dL) 107.3 (35.6)
 HDL-C (mg/dL) 55.9 (14.6)
 TG (mg/dL) 127.8 (87.4)
Total physical activity (hours/week) 5.0 (6.1)
 Walking (hours/week) 2.1 (2.7)
 Moderate-intensity physical activity (hours/week) 1.0 (2.7)
 Vigorous-intensity physical activity (hours/week) 0.9 (2.0)
Medication use (reported at least at one wave)
 For hypertension, % yes 32.1
 For type 2 diabetes (including insulin), % yes 4.8
 For high cholesterol, % yes 23.5
Family history of diabetes (pooled across waves), % yes 29.0
Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage (2011 Census) 1021.4 (58.6)
  1. Abbreviations: WC Waist Circumference, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure, FPG Fasting Plasma Glucose, 2-h PG 2-h Postload Plasma Glucose, HDL-C High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, TG Triglycerides