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Table 3 Mean changes cardiometabolic risk markers, AusDiab study, 1999–2012, (N = 2023)

From: Neighborhood walkability and 12-year changes in cardio-metabolic risk: the mediating role of physical activity

Cardiometabolic
Risk markers
No of participants included in models Mean (95% CI) change from AusDiab1 to 3 Meana (95% CI) annual change
WC (cm) 2023 5.35 (5.02, 5.67) 0.45 (0.42, 0.47)
Weight (kg) 2019 2.25 (1.95, 2.54) 0.18 (0.16, 0.21)
SBP (mmHg) 2019 3.00 (2.25, 3.74) 0.30 (0.24, 0.36)
DBP (mmHg) 2019 2.20 (1.66, 2.74) 0.20 (0.16, 0.25)
FPG (mg/dL) 2023 −0.08 (− 0.93, 0.77) 0.01 (− 0.06, 0.08)
2-h PG (mg/dL) 1997 1.97 (0.39, 3.56) 0.15 (0.02, 0.29)
HDL-C (mg/dL) 2023 3.58 (3.12, 4.05) 0.31 (0.27, 0.35)
TG (mg/dL) 2023 −10.24 (− 13.54, −6.94) −0.87 (− 1.15, − 0.6)
  1. Abbreviations: WC Waist Circumference, SBP Systolic Blood Pressure, DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure, FPG Fasting Plasma Glucose, 2-h PG 2-h Postload Plasma Glucose, HDL-C High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, TG Triglycerides
  2. aEstimated from the unconditional growth model