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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Participants by Intervention Condition

From: Changes in diet and physical activity resulting from the Strong Hearts, Healthy Communities randomized cardiovascular disease risk reduction multilevel intervention trial

Characteristic Total
(n = 173 in 16 towns)
Control
(n = 81 in 8 towns)
SHHC
(n = 92 in 8 towns)
p-value
Age, mean (SD) 58.6 (9.5) 59.0 (96) 58.9 (9.5) .98
Income, n (%)a .24
  < $25,000 33 (21) 12 (16) 21 (26)  
 $25,000–$50,000 47 (30) 26 (34) 21 (26)  
  > $50,000 78 (49) 39 (50) 39 (48)  
Marital status, n (%)b .61
 In a relationship (married or member of an unmarried couple) 122 (72) 57 (70) 65 (74)  
 Not in a relationship (divorced, widowed, separated, or never been married) 47 (28) 24 (30) 23 (26)  
Educational level, n (%)c .88
 High school or less 38 (23) 17 (21) 21 (24)  
 Technical or vocational school/some college 52 (31) 24 (30) 28 (32)  
 College graduate 52 (31) 26 (32) 26 (30)  
 Postgrad/professional 26 (15) 14 (17) 12 (14)  
 Racial/ethnic minority, n (%)c 9 (5) 4 (5) 5 (6) .84
Employment status, n (%)d .10
 Employed for wages or self-employed 120 (71) 62 (77) 58 (65)  
 Not working or retired 50 (29) 19 (23) 31 (35)  
 Smokingc 7 (13) 3 (12) 4 (14) .81
 Body mass index, mean (SD) 35.1 (6.3) 35.4 (6.7) 34.8 (6.0) .56
 Weight, mean (SD), kg 93.7 (17.7) 95.6 (19.0) 92.0 (16.1) .19
 % meeting guidelines for physical activitye 19.7 19.3 20.0 .91
  1. aTotal n = 158 (15 missing)
  2. bTotal n = 169 (4 missing)
  3. cTotal n = 168 (5 missing)
  4. dTotal n = 170 (3 missing)
  5. eTotal n = 162 (11 missing)