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Table 3 Association between changes in neighborhood DMA and its components and changes in regular walking and cycling

From: Residential relocation trajectories and neighborhood density, mixed land use and access networks as predictors of walking and bicycling in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966

Variable Regular walkinga Regular cyclingb
Crude modelc (OR, 95% CI) p-Value Adjusted modeld (OR, 95% CI) p-Value Crude modelc (OR, 95% CI) p-Value Adjusted modeld (OR, 95% CI) p-Value
Neighborhood DMAe 1.03 (1.00, 1.05) 0.023 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 0.609 1.17 (1.12, 1.23) <  0.001 1.13 (1.07, 1.19) <  0.001
Population densityf 1.06 (0.99, 1.13) 0.076 1.00 (0.93, 1.08) 0.918 1.36 (1.21, 1.53) <  0.001 1.24 (1.09, 1.42) 0.002
Number of destinationsg 1.03 (0.97, 1.10) 0.289 0.98 (0.91, 1.06) 0.618 1.25 (1.12, 1.40) <  0.001 1.14 (0.99, 1.30) 0.058
Intersection densityh 1.12 (1.04, 1.19) 0.001 1.07 (0.99, 1.16) 0.071 1.87 (1.63, 2.13) <  0.001 1.74 (1.49, 2.02) <  0.001
  1. aWalking four or more times per week
  2. bCycling four or more times per week
  3. cGeneralized linear mixed model with no adjustments
  4. dGeneralized linear mixed model adjusted for sex (female/male), education (higher education/vocational or secondary or basic education), children under 18 years of age living at home (yes/no) and marital status (married or de facto relationship/single or divorced or widowed)
  5. eSummed z-scores of population density, number of destinations and intersection density
  6. fZ-score of population density within 1 km buffer around residential location
  7. gZ-score of number of destinations within 1 km buffer around residential location
  8. hZ-score of number of intersections with three of more legs within 1 km buffer around residential location