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Table 4 Fisher’s exact test comparing counts of subjects who started to walk regularly and who started to cycle regularly (in bold) during the follow-up between different clusters (OR, 95% CI)

From: Residential relocation trajectories and neighborhood density, mixed land use and access networks as predictors of walking and bicycling in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966

  Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster 5 Cluster 6 Cluster 7 Cluster 8 Cluster 9 Cluster 10
Cluster 1   1.17
(0.81, 1.69)
1.31
(0.92, 1.84)
0.94
(0.71, 1.35)
1.52
(1.06, 2.18)*
0.80
(0.51, 1.29)
1.29
(0.71, 2.49)
0.92
(0.56, 1.53)
2.53
(1.28, 5.44)**
0.44
(0.13, 1.65)
Cluster 2 0.87 (0.54, 1.40)   1.12
(0.79, 1.57)
0.84
(0.60, 1.15)
1.30
(0.91, 1.86)
0.68
(0.43, 1.10)
1.11
(0.61, 2.12)
0.78
(0.48, 1.31)
2.15
(1.10, 4.64)*
0.37
(0.11, 1.40)
Cluster 3 1.16 (0.72, 1.85) 1.32 (0.86, 2.05)   0.75
(0.56, 1.01)
1.16 (0.83, 1.63) 0.61 (0.39, 0.97)* 0.99 (0.55, 1.88) 0.70 (0.44, 1.15) 1.93 (0.99, 4.11) 0.33 (0.10, 1.25)
Cluster 4 1.36 (0.84, 2.18) 1.56 (1.00, 2.42)* 1.18 (0.76, 1.81)   1.56 (1.14, 2.14)** 0.82 (0.54, 1.27) 1.32 (0.75, 2.48) 0.94 (0.60, 1.52) 2.58 (1.35, 5.44)** 0.44 (0.14, 1.66)
Cluster 5 2.36 (1.35, 4.20)** 2.71 (1.60, 4.70)*** 2.04 (1.21, 5.52)** 1.74 (1.02, 2.99)*   0.53 (0.33, 0.84)** 0.85 (0.47, 1.62) 0.60 (0.37, 0.10)* 1.66 (0.85, 3.55) 0.28 (0.09, 1.08)*
Cluster 6 0.71 (0.39, 1.34) 0.82 (0.46, 1.50) 0.61 (0.35, 1.12) 0.52 (0.29, 0.96)* 0.30 (0.16, 0.59)***   1.61 (0.82, 3.29) 1.15 (0.64, 2.06) 3.15 (1.50, 7.14)** 0.54 (0.16, 2.13)
Cluster 7 0.89 (0.42, 1.99) 1.01 (0.50, 2.24) 0.76 (0.38, 1.68) 0.65 (0.32, 1.43) 0.38 (0.17, 0.87)* 1.24 (0.54, 2.99)   0.71 (0.34, 1.43) 1.94 (0.81, 4.85) 0.34 (0.09, 1.41)
Cluster 8 1.00 (0.50, 2.12) 1.15 (0.59, 2.39) 0.87 (0.45, 1.79) 0.74 (0.38, 1.53) 0.43 (0.20, 0.93)* 1.41 (0.64, 3.21) 1.14 (0.44, 2.86)   2.75 (1.27, 6.34)** 0.47 (0.14, 1.88)
Clusters 8 and 9a 1.87 (0.97, 3.83) 2.15 (1.14, 4.30)* 1.61 (0.87, 3.22) 1.38 (0.73, 2.75) 0.79 (0.39, 1.68) 2.63 (1.23, 5.79)** 2.11 (0.84, 5.18) NA   0.17 (0.04, 0.76)**
Cluster 10b NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA  
  1. Note: Cluster in row used as a reference category for starting regular walking and cluster in column used as a reference category for starting regular cycling
  2. aOnly one individual started to cycle regularly in cluster 9, so for statistical analyses it was merged with cluster 8 to indicate from higher to lower neighborhood DMA trajectory. Cluster 9 was used as a reference category for starting regular walking
  3. bNone of the participants in cluster 10 started cycling regularly
  4. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05