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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics

From: Prevalence and correlates of adherence to movement guidelines among urban and rural children in Mozambique: a cross-sectional study

Continuous variables Mean (SD)
Total sample (n = 683) Urban (n = 333) Rural (n = 350) t-value p-value
Age (years) 10.1 (0.8) 10.2 (0.8) 10.1 (0.8) 2.5 0.01*
MVPA (minutes/day) 96.7 (31.8) 82.9 (29.5) 106.9 (29.5) −9.3 <.0001*
Sleep duration (hours/day) 8.8 (0.8) 8.7 (0.9) 8.9 (0.7) −2.5 0.01*
ST score (hours/day) 3.8 (2.4) 5.0 (2.3) 2.7 (1.9) 14.1 <.0001*
Categorical variables N (%) chi-square p-value
Sex (% female) 683 (52.9) 333 (54.7) 350 (51.1) 0.8 0.4
MVPA (% meeting recommendations) 534 (89.0) 228 (77.2) 306 (97.7) 56.0 <.0001*
Sleep duration (% meeting recommendations) 530 (39.3) 227 (33.5) 303 (43.6) 5.5 0.02*
ST (% meeting recommendations) 662 (24.2) 318 (8.2) 344 (40.0) 85.4 <.0001*
Parents did not complete high school 431 (74.3) 172 (62.1) 259 (85.5) 48.8 <.0001*
Parents completed high school, some college 111 (19.1) 71 (25.6) 40 (13.2)
Parents completed bachelors or higher degree 38 (6.6) 34 (12.3) 4 (1.3)
  1. Data are presented for participants with complete data
  2. SD Standard deviation, MVPA Moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, ST Recreational screen time
  3. Meeting the recommendations is defined as ≥60 min/day for MVPA, ≤2 h/day for ST, and between 9 and 11 h per night for sleep
  4. *= statistically significant at p < 0.05