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Table 3 Univariable correlates of meeting MVPA, sleep duration, ST and combination of all three Movement Guidelines (n = 683)

From: Prevalence and correlates of adherence to movement guidelines among urban and rural children in Mozambique: a cross-sectional study

Variables Estimate SE Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value
Meeting MVPA Guideline
 Commute to school (ref: passive) −0.54 0.36 0.58 0.29–1.18 0.13
 BMI z-score − 0.18 0.14 0.83 0.64–1.09 0.18
 Outdoor time 0.16 0.10 1.18 0.96–1.44 0.12
 Participation in sports (ref: did not participate) 0.44 0.38 1.56 0.73–3.30 0.25
 Self-perceived health (ref: poor/fair) 0.67 0.33 1.95 1.02–3.71 0.04
 Mother works (ref: <  15 h/week) 0.52 0.33 1.68 0.88–3.22 0.12
 Father works (ref: <  15 h/week) −0.74 0.33 0.48 0.25–0.91 0.03
 Televisions in the house (ref: < 1) −0.68 0.31 0.50 0.27–0.96 0.04
 Functional cars at home (ref: < 2) − 0.89 0.31 0.41 0.23–0.76 0.004
 Number of siblings (ref: ≤2) −0.02 0.29 0.98 0.55–1.74 0.95
 Crime rate in the neighbourhood (ref: crime not a problem) −0.44 0.30 0.65 0.36–1.17 0.15
 Trust people in the community (ref: do not trust) −0.08 0.30 0.92 0.51–1.66 0.78
 School physical activity policies (ref: not present) −0.14 0.73 0.87 0.18–4.22 0.86
 Mother’s BMI (ref <  25 kg/m2) 0.28 0.29 1.32 0.74–2.36 0.34
 Father’s BMI (ref <  25 kg/m2) −0.36 0.31 0.70 0.38–1.27 0.24
 Sleep duration −0.00 0.00 1.00 0.99–1.01 0.81
 ST (ref: not meeting) 0.00 0.06 1.01 0.89–1.14 0.93
Meeting Sleep duration Guideline
 Commute to school (ref: passive) 0.11 0.27 1.12 0.65–1.91 0.67
 BMI z-score 0.11 0.09 1.12 0.95–1.32 0.19
 Outdoor time 0.00 0.06 1.00 0.89–1.12 0.99
 Participation in sports (ref: did not participate) 0.50 0.23 1.66 1.05–2.60 0.03
 Self-perceived health (ref: poor/fair) 0.16 0.21 1.17 0.77–1.78 0.45
 Mother works (ref: <  15 h/week) 0.00 0.19 1.00 0.69–1.45 0.99
 Father works (ref: <  15 h/week) −0.07 0.18 0.93 0.66–1.32 0.70
 Televisions in the house (ref: < 1) − 0.10 0.20 0.90 0.61–1.34 0.61
 Functional cars at home (ref: < 2) − 0.09 0.19 0.91 0.63–1.32 0.62
 Number of siblings (ref: ≤2) 0.04 0.17 1.04 0.74–1.46 0.83
 Crime rate in the neighbourhood (ref: crime not a problem) 0.00 0.18 1.00 0.70–1.42 0.98
 Trust people in the community (ref: do not trust) −0.13 0.18 0.88 0.62–1.24 0.46
 MVPA (ref: not meeting) −0.31 0.30 0.73 0.40–1.33 0.30
 ST (ref: not meeting) −0.03 0.04 0.97 0.90–1.05 0.45
Meeting ST Guideline
 Commute to school (ref: passive) −0.73 0.43 0.48 0.21–1.11 0.09
 BMI z-score −0.00 0.10 1.00 0.82–1.22 0.98
 Outdoor time −0.50 0.09 0.61 0.51–0.73 <.0001
 Participation in sports (ref: did not participate) −0.67 0.23 0.51 0.32–0.81 0.004
 Self-perceived health (ref: poor/fair) −0.28 0.24 0.75 0.47–1.21 0.24
 Mother works (ref: <  15 h/week) −0.13 0.23 0.88 0.56–1.38 0.57
 Father works (ref: <  15 h/week) −0.19 0.21 0.83 0.55–1.25 0.37
 Televisions in the house (ref: < 1) −0.34 0.26 0.71 0.43–1.18 0.18
 Functional cars at home (ref: < 2) − 0.66 0.24 0.52 0.32–83 0.006
 Number of siblings (ref: ≤2) −0.28 0.21 0.75 0.50–1.14 0.18
 Crime rate in the neighbourhood (ref: crime not a problem) −0.38 0.22 0.68 0.45–1.05 0.08
 Trust people in the community (ref: do not trust) 0.41 0.21 1.51 1.00–2.28 0.05
 Sleep duration 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.99–1.00 0.73
 MVPA (ref: not meeting) 0.83 0.55 2.29 0.78–6.73 0.13
 Consumption of fast-food (ref: <  3 times per week) −0.36 0.32 0.70 0.37–1.30 0.26
 Consumption of fried food (ref: <  3 times per week) − 0.51 0.22 0.60 0.38–0.94 0.03
 Consumption of fast food while watching television (ref: <  3 times per week) − 0.94 0.29 0.39 0.22–0.68 0.001
Meeting all three 24-Hour Movement Guidelines
 Commute to school (ref: passive) −0.70 0.61 0.50 0.15–1.66 0.25
 BMI z-score 0.03 0.13 1.03 0.79–1.35 0.81
 Outdoor time −0.39 0.12 0.68 0.53–0.86 0.002
 Participation in sports (ref: did not participate) −0.36 0.30 0.70 0.38–1.27 0.24
 Self-perceived health (ref: poor/fair) −0.13 0.32 0.87 0.46–1.65 0.68
 Mother works (ref: <  15 h/week) 0.10 0.31 1.10 0.60–2.04 0.76
 Father works (ref: <  15 h/week) 0.09 0.28 1.10 0.64–1.90 0.73
 Televisions in the house (ref: < 1) 0.21 0.34 1.24 0.64–2.43 0.52
 Functional cars at home (ref: < 2) − 0.12 0.31 0.89 0.48–1.65 0.71
 Number of siblings (ref: ≤2) −0.26 0.29 0.77 0.44–1.35 0.36
 Crime rate in the neighbourhood (ref: crime not a problem) −0.49 0.30 0.61 0.34–1.10 0.10
 Trust people in the community (ref: do not trust) 0.18 0.28 1.20 0.69–2.07 0.52
  1. Data are presented from imputed datasets
  2. MVPA Moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, BMI Body mass index, ST Screen time, SE Standard error, CI Confidence interval
  3. Bold indicates marginally statistically significant correlates at p < 0.10
  4. Meeting the 24-h movement guidelines is defined as ≥60 min/day for MVPA, ≤2 h/day for ST, and between 9 and 11 h per night for sleep duration