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Table 3 Multiple mediation effects through PA (model 1) and ST (model 2) of the father and the child in the association between BMI of the father and BMI of the child

From: Do physical activity and screen time mediate the association between European fathers’ and their children’s weight status? Cross-sectional data from the Feel4Diabetes-study

  Coefficient# (SE) CI upper CI lower
Model 1 (PA)
Intermediate effects
  a1-path -0.059 (0.019)** −0.096 − 0.022
  a2-path 0.001 (0.013) −0.025 0.026
  a3-path 0.281 (0.023)*** 0.236 0.326
  b1-path 0.027 (0.017) −0.006 0.059
  b2-path −0.50 (0.026)* −0.094 − 0.006
 Total and direct effect
  c-path (total effect) 0.071 (0.009)*** 0.053 0.086
  c’-path (direct effect) 0.070 (0.009)*** 0.053 0.087
 Indirect (mediational) effects
  a1xb1 path (indirect effect via M1) 0.000 (0.001) −0.004 0.000
  a2xb2 path (indirect effect via M2) 0.000 (0.001) −0.002 0.002
  M1&M2 path (indirect effect via M1 and M2) 0.001 (0.001)+ 0.001 0.002
 Model 2 (ST)
Intermediate effects
  a1-path 2.238 (0.725)** 0.816 3.660
  a2-path 0.463 (0.542) −0.600 1.526
  a3-path 0.345 (0.025)*** 0.296 0.394
  b1-path 0.000 (0.001) −0.001 0.001
  b2-path 0.001 (0.001)** 0.000 0.002
Total and direct effect
  c-path (total effect) 0.069 (0.009)*** 0.053 0.086
  c’-path (direct effect) 0.068 (0.009)*** 0.051 0.085
Indirect (mediational) effects
  a1xb1 path (indirect effect via M1) 0.000 (0.001) −0.002 0.002
  a2xb2 path (indirect effect via M2) 0.000 (0.001) −0.001 0.002
  M1&M2 path (indirect effect via M1 and M2) 0.001 (0.001)+ 0.000 0.002
  1. Note. #unstandardized coefficients, SE; standard error, CI; confidence interval, *p-value is significant at the 0.05 level, **p-value is significant at the 0.01 level, ***p-value is significant at the 0.001 level, +significant indirect effect