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Table 2 Summary of recommendations for future research

From: The neighborhood social environment and physical activity: a systematic scoping review

 Methodological IssueRecommendationAnticipated Improvements
1Inconsistent terminologyStandardize terminology of the neighborhood social environmental using dimensions identified in this review (Fig. 2) when appropriate.Compare results across studies.
Synthesize the evidence.
Increased understanding.
2Identification of the social environmentClearly indicate that the construct is a neighborhood social environmental construct.Recognize research studies exploring the phenomenon.
Compare results across studies.
Synthesize the evidence.
Increased understanding.
3Abundant measuresUse measurement tools and methods that are specific, rigorous and validated for the neighborhood social environmental construct of interest. Standardize measurement methods in the field. When using common methods/measurement tools be cautious about altering the approach through data collection (e.g. selecting only certain questions of a scale) or analysis (e.g. using factor analysis or generating categorical variables) that may make your results more difficult to compare.Compare results across studies.
Synthesize the evidence.
Increased understanding.
4Level of measurementWhen appropriate, employ measurement strategies that facilitate neighborhood-level measurement. Use neighborhood definitions that are specific to your hypothesis (i.e., environment exposure, outcome and causal processes)Improved rigor of measurement.
Increased understanding.
5Study designUse of diverse study designs (e.g. longitudinal and quasi, natural or fully experimental research).Increased ability to determine causality.
Increased understanding.