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Table 3 Estimated mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of linear trajectories for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and light physical activity () between high (high: z-score ≥ 0) and low (low: z-score < 0) categories of the moveability index and its five components at chosen age values

From: Urban Moveability and physical activity in children: longitudinal results from the IDEFICS and I.Family cohort

 MVPA (min./day)LPA (min./day)
BoysN = 1717GirlsN = 1677BoysN = 1717GirlsN = 1677
Estimated difference95% CIEstimated difference95% CIEstimated difference95% CIEstimated difference95% CI
 Age        
Moveability4−2.07(− 6.30; 2.15)1.99(−1.85; 5.82)−13.3(− 24.5; − 2.02)1.39(− 10.8; 13.5)
(high, vs. low)6−1.68(−4.72; 1.36)2.06(−0.62; 4.74)−7.90(−15.7; − 0.07)1.80(− 6.71; 10.3)
8−1.29(− 3.62; 1.04)2.14(0.11; 4.16)−2.54(− 8.49; 3.41)2.21(−4.05; 8.48)
10−0.90(−3.43; 1.63)2.21(−0.13; 4.56)2.82(−4.19; 9.83)2.62(−4.28; 9.53)
12−0.51(−3.99; 2.98)2.29(−1.08; 5.66)8.18(−.193; 18.3)3.04(−6.85; 12.9)
14−0.11(−4.88; 4.65)2.37(−2.29; 7.02)13.5(−0.41; 27.5)3.45(−10.3; 17.2)
POS density4−0.85(−5.03; 3.33)3.01(−0.76; 6.77)15.3(4.19; 26.5)7.92(−4.04; 19.9)
(high, vs. low)6−0.55(−3.53; 2.44)2.69(0.09; 5.30)12.9(5.26; 20.6)5.44(−2.87; 13.8)
8−0.24(−2.51; 2.02)2.38(0,43; 4.34)10.5(4.78; 16.3)2.96(−3.10; 9.03)
100.06(−2.42; 2.54)2.07(−0,24; 4.38)8.13(1.29; 15.0)0.49(−6.29; 7.26)
120.36(−3.10; 3.83)1.76(−1.60; 5.12)5.73(−4.28; 15.7)−1.99(−11.8; 7.83)
140.67(−4.09; 5.42)1.45(−3.21; 6.10)3.32(−10.6; 17.2)−4.47(−18.2; 9.26)
Residential density4−2.21(−6.40; 1.97)0.01(−3.79; 3.81)−9.46(−20.6; 1.69)−4.81(−16.8; 7.18)
(high, vs. low)6−1.86(−4.85; 1.13)0.65(−2.00; 3.29)−8.64(− 16.3; −0.95)− 2.86(− 11.2; 5.51)
8−1.52(−3.79; 0.75)1.28(−0.70; 3.27)−7.82(−13.6; − 2.04)− 0.91(−7.02; 5.21)
10− 1.17(−3.65; 1.31)1.92(−0.39; 4.23)− 7.00(− 13.9; − 0.14)1.05(−5.74; 7.83)
12− 0.82(−4.28; 2.64)2.56(− 0.79; 5.90)−6.19(− 16.2; 3.83)3.00(−6.79; 12.8)
14−0.47(−5.22; 4.27)3.19(−1.44; 7.82)−5.37(−19.3; 8.52)4.95(−8.73; 18.7)
Land use mix40.67(−3.61; 4.94)0.61(−3.32; 4.55)3.43(−7.98; 14.8)5.25(−7.20; 17.7)
(high, vs. low)60.41(−2.65; 3.46)0.09(−2.65; 2.83)3.05(−4.82; 10.9)1.34(−7.37; 10.0)
80.15(−2.16; 2.45)−0.43(−2.47; 1.60)2.67(−3.20; 8.54)−2.57(−8.87; 3.72)
10−0.12(−2.63; 2.40)−0.95(−3.29; 1.38)2.29(−4.62; 9.21)−6.48(−13.3; 0.35)
12−0.38(−3.88; 3.12)−1.48(−4.85; 1.90)1.92(−8.17; 12.0)−10.4(−20.3; −0.55)
14−0.64(−5.45; 4.18)−2.00(−6.69; 2.69)1.54(−12.5; 15.6)−14.3(−28.1; −0.51)
Intersection density4−0.11(−4.30; 4.08)0.71(−3.12; 4.55)−12.4(−23.5; − 1.22)−6.97(− 19.1; 5.15)
(high, vs. low)6−0.29(−3.29; 2.72)1.17(− 1.49; 3.84)−5.65(− 13.4; 2.07)− 3.83(− 12.3; 4.64)
8− 0.46(− 2.76; 1.84)1.63(− 0.36; 3.63)1.06(− 4.79; 6.91)− 0.69(− 6.89; 5.51)
10−0.64(− 3.15; 1.87)2.10(0.23; 4.42)7.77(0.83; 14.7)2.45(−4.39; 9.28)
12−0.81(−4.29; 2.66)2.56(−0.80; 5.92)14.5(4.41; 24.5)5.58(−4.26; 15.4)
14−0.99(−5.74; 3.77)3.02(−1.64; 7.67)21.2(7.27; 35.1)8.72(−5.02; 22.5)
Public transport4−0.13(−4.37; 4.11)1.40(−2.46; 5.25)−4.25(−15.6; 7.05)−5.21(−17.3; 6.93)
(high, vs. low)6−0.39(−3.45; 2.66)1.39(−1.30; 4.08)−1.49(−9.37; 6.38)−3.07(− 11.6; 5.44)
8−0.65(−3.00; 1.70)1.39(−0.65; 3.43)1.27(−4.73; 7.27)−0.94(−7.23; 5.35)
10−0.91(−3.46; 1.64)1.38(−0.98; 3.75)4.03(−3.03; 11.1)1.19(−5.75; 8.14)
12−1.17(−4.68; 2.33)1.38(−2.01; 4.77)6.79(−3.38; 17.0)3.33(−6.61; 13.3)
14−1.43(−3.21; 3.34)1.38(−3.31; 6.06)9.55(−4.48; 23.6)5.46(−8.35; 19.3)
  1. Bold significance is provided via confidence limits (significant if 0 is not included) which is similar to p-value