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Table 2 Multilevel, mixed-effects logit model odds ratios depicting the relative odds of engaging in BTSD, WTSD, Programs, and Policies

From: Diverse school community engagement with the North Carolina active routes to school project: a diffusion study

PredictorBTSDWTSDProgramPolicy
Year
 2013 (referent)
 20141.524 (0.460)2.189** (0.342)2.549 (2.871)0.071 (0.802)
 20153.220** (0.882)2.477** (0.378)13.887* (7.318)19.127** (5.226)
 20163.944** (1.069)3.760** (0.554)13.246* (6.868)2.142* (0.288)
 20175.902** (1.637)3.506** (0.522)7.162 (7.234)23.054** (5.101)
Overweight/Obese1.023 (0.409)2.021** (0.478)1.162 (0.455)5.357 (4.789)
Academic Growth Status
 Exceeded (referent)
 Met0.948 (0.168)1.05 (0.120)1.328 (0.410)0.924 (0.422)
 Not Met0.920 (0.199)0.858 (0.121)0.862 (0.402)0.712 (0.315)
School Income
 High (referent)
 Medium0.603* (0.134)0.677 (0.106)1.963 (0.969)0.711 (0.431)
 Low0.739 (0.258)0.775 (0.174)4.752* (2.813)0.503 (0.402)
Elementary School3.914** (1.151)3.042** (0.465)0.567 (0.245)0.936 (0.414)
School Locale
 City (referent)
 Suburb1.427 (0.329)0.735* (0.109)2.424 (1.188)1.398 (0.311)
 Town1.490 (0.527)0.622* (0.136)2.214 (1.104)0.859 (0.314)
 Rural1.184 (0.274)0.555** (0.081)2.128 (1.158)0.730 (0.185)
School Racial/Ethnic Demographics
 Hispanic0.988 (0.274)0.519* (0.117)0.632 (0.484)1.092 (0.397)
 Black0.825 (0.239)0.738 (0.127)0.297 (0.211)1.178 (0.330)
 White0.994 (0.171)0.718 (0.121)0.929 (0.256)0.686 (0.168)
 Two Races0.551 (0.221)0.779 (0.510)
BTSD16.163** (2.686)3.077** (0.832)2.010 (1.299)
WTSD16.483** (2.725)17.513** (4.824)6.095** (2.570)
Program3.509** (0.934)16.127** (3.073)2.333 (1.267)
Policy1.535 (1.112)2.741** (0.449)1.495 (0.681)
 Constant0.001** (0.000)0.009** (0.002)0.000** (0.000)0.000** (0.000)
 Observations13,01013,01013,01013,010
 Log likelihood− 1264.475− 2685.341− 471.879− 723.022
X2819.360938.260234.990209.490
p0.0000.0000.0000.000
  1. Note. Standard errors in parentheses; Grouping variable = NC county. *p < .05. **p < .01.
  2. BTSD Bike to School Day; WTSD Walk to School Day; Program = bicycle or pedestrian safety education or promotional efforts that recur at least once per month; Policy = policies to incorporate bicycle or pedestrian education of programming into school procedures or curricula