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Table 4 NEWS-Y-IPEN subscales: descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations) and percentage of total subscale variance attributable to differences between countries

From: Development and validation of the neighborhood environment walkability scale for youth across six continents

 NEWS-Y subscale (theoretical range of values)
CountryResidential density
(0–1000)
Land use mix – diversity
(1–5)
Recreational facilities
(1–5)
Accessibility & walking facilities
(1–4)
Traffic safety (1–4)Pedestrian infrastructure & safety
(1–4)
Safety from crime
(1–4)
Aesthetics
(1–4)
Australia (Melbourne)43.8 (83.8)3.14 (0.81)2.77 (0.88)3.26 (0.48)2.89 (0.53)2.79 (0.54)3.15 (0.76)2.97 (0.76)
Bangladesh (Dhaka)177.3 (84.7)3.35 (0.61)1.97 (0.73)2.84 (0.57)2.38 (0.58)2.47 (0.60)1.99 (0.87)1.75 (0.72)
Belgium (Ghent)69.2 (105.7)3.52 (0.76)2.77 (0.88)2.98 (0.57)2.50 (0.57)2.67 (0.58)3.11 (0.75)2.27 (0.68)
Brazil (Curitiba)95.4 (123.4)3.14 (0.65)2.45 (0.83)2.91 (0.63)2.15 (0.77)2.56 (0.81)2.01 (0.82)2.37 (0.85)
Czech Republic (Olomouc; Hradec Králové)131.4 (105.9)3.28 (0.81)3.00 (0.89)3.17 (0.49)2.87 (0.56)3.01 (0.56)2.85 (0.71)2.24 (0.63)
Denmark (Odense)103.9 (107.5)2.29 (0.64)2.62 (0.69)3.07 (0.46)2.94 (0.70)2.92 (0.68)3.67 (0.59)2.66 (0.75)
Hong Kong SAR (Hong Kong)468.7 (203.2)3.47 (0.78)2.88 (0.88)2.99 (0.49)2.82 (0.50)2.95 (0.56)2.69 (0.87)2.47 (0.68)
India (Chennai)65.9 (78.2)3.41 (0.61)1.78 (0.60)2.58 (0.59)2.27 (0.68)2.93 (0.80)3.02 (1.11)1.51 (0.81)
Israel (Haifa)220.3 (136.6)3.07 (0.85)2.47 (0.84)3.13 (0.50)2.31 (0.72)2.85 (0.75)3.13 (0.95)2.39 (0.77)
Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur & other)294.0 (230.0)2.77 (0.78)2.31 (0.88)2.77 (0.43)2.37 (0.53)2.68 (0.58)2.04 (0.71)2.52 (0.63)
New Zealanda (Auckland; Wellington)57.5 (97.6)2.86 (0.77)2.69 (0.81)2.88 (0.49)2.90 (0.53)2.81 (0.58)3.67 (0.52)2.72 (0.68)
Nigeria (Gombe)269.4 (153.8)3.43 (0.78)3.08 (0.60)2.73 (0.66)2.96 (0.88)2.97 (0.83)2.73 (1.15)2.93 (0.85)
Portugal (Various cities)119.0 (91.7)3.58 (0.74)2.62 (0.93)3.58 (0.42)2.78 (0.45)2.89 (0.49)2.99 (0.53)2.39 (0.52)
Spain (Valencia)251.1 (134.7)4.23 (0.50)2.94 (0.80)2.96 (0.36)2.61 (0.72)3.03 (0.62)3.25 (0.79)2.25 (0.74)
USA (Baltimore, MD; Seattle, WA)31.1 (47.9)2.81 (0.87)2.87 (0.89)2.90 (0.62)2.58 (0.58)2.83 (0.65)3.01 (0.73)3.08 (0.69)
All countries205.1 (220.3)3.24 (0.88)2.71 (0.89)2.98 (0.57)2.65 (0.66)2.85 (0.65)2.87 (0.93)2.53 (0.81)
% variance ADC42.226.316.117.016.84.829.926.2
  1. Notes. NEWS-Y-IPEN = Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth for the IPEN Adolescent study; ADC attributable to differences between countries, M mean; SD standard deviation. aNew Zealand collected NEWS-Y-IPEN data from adolescents only. Thus, for New Zealand, analyses were performed on adolescent data, while for the other countries they were performed using parent-reported data