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Table 5 City-specific associations of sex (reference category: male) with physical activity (PA) outcomes

From: Do associations of sex, age and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries?

CityNon-zero min/week of transport PAb≥10 min/week of leisure-time PAaNon-zero min/week of leisure-time PAb
 F(17, 10,125) = 3.86***F(17, 13,192) = 3.04***F(17, 9384) = 4.36***
Sex: FemaleSex: FemaleSex: Female
eb (e95% CI)eb (e95% CI)eb (e95% CI)
Adelaide (AU)0.86 (0.77, 0.96)**0.76 (0.62, 0.92)**0.89 (0.81, 0.98)*
Ghent (BE)0.98 (0.84, 1.16)1.38 (1.05, 1.80)*0.89 (0.78, 1.01)
Curitiba (BR)0.69 (0.57, 0.84)***1.41 (0.98, 2.03)0.98 (0.81, 1.19)
Bogota (CO)0.77 (0.65, 0.91)**0.61 (0.37, 0.99)*0.61 (0.52, 0.72)
Olomouc (CZ)1.09 (0.79, 1.52)1.42 (0.71, 2.86)1.07 (0.81, 1.42)
Hradec Králové (CZ)0.93 (0.62, 1.40)0.83 (0.29, 2.35)1.09 (0.76, 1.56)
Aarhus (DK)0.99 (0.80, 1.21)1.69 (1.06, 2.71)*0.99 (0.84, 1.17)
Hong Kong (HK)1.08 (0.82, 1.43)0.81 (0.48, 1.39)0.95 (0.74, 1.21)
Cuernavaca (MX)0.62 (0.51, 0.75)***1.22 (0.73, 2.02)0.83 (0.67, 1.03)
North Shore (NZ)0.82 (0.62, 1.07)1.43 (0.97, 2.11)0.88 (0.71, 1.10)
Waitakere (NS)0.83 (0.64, 1.09)1.15 (0.79, 1.66)0.83 (0.68, 1.01)
Wellington (NZ)0.97 (0.77, 1.21)0.96 (0.57, 1.60)0.99 (0.82, 1.19)
Christchurch (NZ)0.76 (0.58. 1.00)1.23 (0.85, 1.79)0.93 (0.75, 1.16)
Pamplona (ES)0.92 (0.78, 1.09)1.04 (0.68, 1.60)0.76 (0.66, 0.87)***
Stoke-on-Trent (UK)1.08 (0.89, 1.32)1.06 (0.80, 1.42)0.81 (0.68, 0.97)*
Seattle (US)0.85 (0.73, 0.99)*0.93 (0.73, 1.19)0.87 (0.77, 0.98)*
Baltimore (US)1.10 (0.84, 1.22)0.85 (0.63, 1.13)0.99 (0.85, 1.15)
  1. 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; exp.(b) exponential function of regression coefficient; exp.(95% CI) = exponential function of confidence interval
  2. a Generalized additive mixed model (GAMM) with binomial variance and logit link functions, for which exp.(b) is interpreted as odds ratio
  3. b GAMM with Gamma variance and logarithmic link functions, for which exp.(b) is interpreted as the proportional increase in PA associated with a 1 unit increase in the predictor. All models adjusted for working status, marital status, administrative-unit-level socio-economic status and walkability
  4. * p-value ranging from ≤.05 to >.01; ** p-value ranging from ≤01 to >.001; *** p ≤ .001