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Table 3 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for title and abstract and full text screening

From: Childhood fussy/picky eating behaviours: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative studies

 Inclusion CriteriaExclusion CriteriaRationale
MethodologyQualitative studies (using both qualitative methods and analysis)
Mixed methods studies in which the qualitative component can be extracted
Quantitative studies
Review articles
Intervention studies (evaluations of interventions)
Mixed methods are included due to the small number of relevant studies available
Qualitative evaluations of interventions are excluded in order to represent family experiences of non-clinical fussy eating prior to any intervention
DatesPublished between 2008 and July 2018Published before 2008Focus on recent research
Searching prior to 2008 would significantly increase the number of irrelevant items to screen with a low chance of identifying relevant articles
LanguageEnglishAny language other than EnglishAuthor resources
Target AgeChildren from one year to young adultEating behaviours of infants less than one year and independent adultsBroad range due to limited number of studies on childhood fussy eating Wide age range would maximise retrieval of items that would contribute to our understanding of fussy across childhood
Focus on children over one year as younger children are still being introduced to solid foods
FocusExperiences, perceptions and practices regarding fussy eating/food neophobia/food rejection/refusal (min. one relevant sentence in abstract during title and abstract screening; author stated relevant aim or objective in full text screening)Studies on: food preference without reference to fussy eating/neophobia/food refusal, breastfeeding and weaning, food insecurity, malnutrition related to poverty, intervention implementationDiverse terminology used to report ‘fussy/picky’ eating behaviours
ContextTypically developing populationStudies on specific populations with a diagnosis of a condition impacting eating behaviour (including diabetes, cancer, autism, other disabilities, premature infants)Studies carried out in the context of a diagnosis may not be transferable to typically developing populations
ParticipantsChildren and parents or primary caregiversOther family members, teachers, healthcare professionalsFocus on family experience of fussy eating behaviours