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Table 2 Population characteristics by gender (values are percentages unless stated otherwise). The EDEN mother-child cohort

From: Clusters of diet, physical activity, television exposure and sleep habits and their association with adiposity in preschool children: the EDEN mother-child cohort

 BoysGirls
Maternal characteristics at inclusion or deliveryN = 750N = 686
 Maternal educationNo diploma24.123.6
High school diploma16.918.7
2-year university degree23.122.3
≥ 3-year university degree35.935.4
 Maternal age at delivery (y), mean (SD) 29.8 (4.7)29.8 (4.8)
 Primiparous (yes) 46.648.3
Child behavioral characteristics at 2 years of ageN = 750bN = 686b
 French fries/chipsNever8.78.7
< 1 time/month18.819.4
1–3 times/month47.444.3
1–3 times/week23.426.0
4–6 times/week1.51.3
1 time/day0.10.3
Several times/day0.10.0
 Sweetened beverages at meals (yes) 20.512.4
 Cooked vegetablesNever1.20.7
< 1 time/month1.51.0
1–3 times/month7.36.6
1–3 times/week22.822.8
4–6 times/week26.826.1
1 time/day29.029.0
Several times/day11.413.8
 TV/DVD watching time0 min/day12.311.8
> 0 to ≤30 min/day40.543.8
> 30 to ≤60 min/day25.921.4
> 60 min/day21.323.0
 TV on during mealsNever39.341.2
Sometimes26.528.6
Often21.119.4
Always13.210.8
 Total sleep duration, h/d, mean (SD) 13 h09 (0 h58)13 h13 (0 h59)
 Outdoor play time, h/d, mean (SD)Spring2 h11 (1 h07)1 h55 (1 h08)
Summer2 h37 (1 h19)2 h31 (1 h09)
Autumn1 h50 (1 h05)1 h37 (0 h57)
Winter1 h17 (0 h46)1 h09 (0 h42)
Child anthropometry at 2 years of age N = 747N = 686
 Prevalence of overweight (including obesity), IOTF a 4.84.1
Child behavioral characteristics at 5 years of ageN = 633bN = 562b
 French fries/chipsNever0.50.5
< 1 time/month12.011.4
1–3 times/month51.456.2
1–3 times/week34.630.6
4–6 times/week1.10.7
1 time/day0.50.4
Several times/day0.00.2
 Sweetened beverages at meals (yes) 19.816.6
 Cooked vegetablesNever0.80.5
< 1 time/month2.51.1
1–3 times/month7.67.5
1–3 times/week32.233.9
4–6 times/week29.528.4
1 time/day20.818.9
Several times/day6.79.6
 TV/DVD watching time, h/d, mean (SD) 1 h23 (0 h47)1 h15 (0 h47)
 TV on during mealsNever35.836.5
Sometimes32.434.9
Often21.219.6
Always10.69.1
 Participation in organized sports (yes) 48.251.8
 Outdoor play time, h/d, mean (SD)Spring1 h53 (0 h56)1 h44 (0 h50)
Summer1 h59 (1 h07)1 h50 (0 h56)
Autumn1 h24 (0 h44)1 h16 (0 h46)
Winter1 h24 (1 h00)1 h04 (0 h46)
 Night sleep duration, h/d, mean (SD) 10 h51 (0 h29)10 h54 (0 h27)
Child anthropometry at 5 years of ageN = 592N = 509
 Prevalence of overweight (including obesity) IOTF a 5.79.4
 Body fat percentage, mean (SD) 12.5 (2.8)16.6 (3.2)
  1. Bold figures indicate statistical significance (p < 0.05) for Chi2 test or t-test
  2. Abbreviations: h hours, d day, SD Standard deviation
  3. aInternational Obesity Task Force cut-off
  4. bN may deviate from total sample size because of missing values for behavioral variables