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Table 3 Association between cluster membership at 2 and 5 years of age and cluster evolution path (from 2 to 5 years of age) with body fat percentage at 5 years, by gender

From: Clusters of diet, physical activity, television exposure and sleep habits and their association with adiposity in preschool children: the EDEN mother-child cohort

 NBody fat percentage
Linear regression beta coefficients (95% CI)
Model 1aModel 2b
Clusters at 2 years of age
 Boys
  ‘Unhealthy eating’226−0.05 (−0.48 to 0.38)−0.13 (− 0.56 to 0.30)
  ‘Healthy eating’311refref
 Girls
  ‘Unhealthy eating’1920.40 (−0.12 to 0.92)0.19 (− 0.35 to 0.74)
  ‘Healthy eating’266refref
Clusters at 5 years of age
 Boys
  ‘High TV–unhealthy eating’2970.23 (−0.24 to 0.70)0.13 (−0.36 to 0.62)
  ‘Moderate TV–healthy eating’261refref
 Girls
  ‘Very high TV–high outdoor PA’331.70 (0.46 to 2.93)1.53 (0.28 to 2.78)
  ‘High TV–low outdoor PA’2100.23 (−0.53 to 0.99)0.27 (−0.49 to 1.04)
  ‘Moderate TV–rather high outdoor PA’96refref
  ‘Low TV–low outdoor PA’146−0.41 (−1.22 to 0.40)− 0.20 (−1.03 to 0.64)
Evolution of clusters
 Boys
  Unhealthy eating at 2 y to high TV at 5 y1480.36 (−0.19 to 0.91)0.18 (−0.39 to 0.75)
  Unhealthy eating at 2 y to moderate TV at 5 y640.03 (−0.69 to 0.75)−0.04 (− 0.76 to 0.68)
  Healthy eating at 2 y to high TV at 5 y1220.61 (0.03 to 1.19)0.46 (−0.14 to 1.05)
  Healthy eating at 2 y to moderate TV at 5 y177refref
 Girls
  Unhealthy eating at 2 y to very high TV at 5 y202.03 (0.60 to 3.46)1.82 (0.37 to 3.28)
  Unhealthy eating at 2 y to high TV at 5 y920.42 (−0.53 to 1.37)0.37 (− 0.59 to 1.32)
  Unhealthy eating at 2 y to moderate TV at 5 y37−0.22 (−1.40 to 0.95)− 0.35 (− 1.53 to 0.84)
  Unhealthy eating at 2 y to -low TV at 5 y33− 0.30 (− 1.51 to 0.91)−0.23 (− 1.44 to 0.98)
  Healthy eating at 2 y to very high TV at 5 y81.17 (−0.88 to 3.22)1.13 (− 0.92 to 3.18)
  Healthy eating at 2 y to high TV at 5 y980.17 (−0.77 to 1.11)0.23 (−0.71 to 1.17)
  Healthy eating at 2 y to moderate TV at 5 y50RefRef
  Healthy eating at 2 y to low TV at 5 y102−0.38 (−1.31 to 0.55)− 0.19 (− 1.13 to 0.76)
  1. Bold figures indicate 95% CI not including 0
  2. Abbreviations: CI Confidence interval, PA Physical activity, y Years of age
  3. a model 1 is a linear model adjusted for study center (Poitiers or Nancy) and exact age at the 5-year clinical examination and predicted BMI at age 2 (only for clusters at age 2 and cluster evolution)
  4. b model 2 is a linear model adjusted as for model 1 and further adjusted for maternal education