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Table 3 Association between family structure and obesogenic behaviours in European boys and girls

From: A cross-sectional study of obesogenic behaviours and family rules according to family structure in European children

  Boys Girls
Model 1
Coef. (95% CI)
P-value Model 2
Coef. (95% CI)
P-value Model 1
Coef. (95% CI)
P-value Model 2
Coef. (95% CI)
P-value
Screen time (hours/week)
Number of boys/girls 3532   3516   3481   3471  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent 2.15 (0.33,3.97) 0.021 2.05 (0.23,3.87) 0.027 3.12 (1.43,4.82) < 0.001 2.99 (1.29,4.68) 0.001
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 1.72 (0.17,3.27) 0.029 1.76 (0.22,3.31) 0.025 0.57 (−0.72,1.87) 0.39 0.47 (−0.83,1.76) 0.48
  Other family types 0.54 (−2.18,3.27) 0.70 0.54 (−2.22,3.30) 0.70 −0.87 (−3.38,1.65) 0.50 −0.73 (−3.26,1.81) 0.58
Sleep duration (hours/day)
Number of boys/girls 3583   3566   3491   3482  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent −0.09 (−0.27,0.09) 0.31 −0.09 (− 0.26,0.09) 0.34 0.01 (− 0.17,0.19) 0.91 0.03 (− 0.15,0.20) 0.77
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 0.01 (−0.14,0.16) 0.87 −0.01 (− 0.16,0.14) 0.93 0.005 (− 0.13,0.14) 0.95 0.02 (− 0.12,0.15) 0.81
  Other family types 0.02 (−0.24,0.28) 0.87 0.06 (−0.21,0.32) 0.67 −0.06 (− 0.33,0.22) 0.69 −0.06 (− 0.34,0.22) 0.68
SSBs (servings/week)
Number of boys/girls 2113   2100   2003   1996  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference   Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent −0.58 (−2.83,1.66) 0.61 −0.53 (−2.77,1.72) 0.65 3.17 (0.89,5.45) 0.006 3.19 (0.91,5.47) 0.006
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 3.08 (1.07,5.10) 0.003 3.01 (0.99,5.03) 0.004 −0.33 (−1.99,1.34) 0.70 −0.33 (−1.99,1.34) 0.70
  Other family types 2.09 (−1.33,5.50) 0.23 2.01 (−1.48,5.50) 0.26 −0.99 (−4.30,2.33) 0.56 −0.98 (−4.30,2.34) 0.56
  1. Abbreviations: β, Beta coefficient; CI, Confidence Interval; SSBs, sugar-sweetened beverages
  2. Model 1 is adjusted for sex, age, parental education level, number of children and adults in the household
  3. Model 2 is additionally adjusted for BMI z-score