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Table 4 Association between family structure and the presence of family rules in European families

From: A cross-sectional study of obesogenic behaviours and family rules according to family structure in European children

  Model 1 Model 2
OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
Rules regarding screen time (yes = 1)
Number of families 4133   4131  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent 0.61 (0.40,0.93) 0.021 0.62 (0.40,0.94) 0.026
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 0.66 (0.47,0.91) 0.011 0.66 (0.47,0.91) 0.011
  Other family types 0.96 (0.50,1.84) 0.88 0.97 (0.50,1.86) 0.93
Bedtime routines (yes = 1)
Number of families 2978   2976  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent 0.88 (0.53,1.45) 0.62 0.89 (0.54,1.46) 0.64
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 1.32 (0.83,2.1) 0.24 1.32 (0.83,2.1) 0.24
  Other family types 0.75 (0.37,1.5) 0.41 0.74 (0.37,1.5) 0.40
Availability of SSBs during meals (yes = 1)
Number of families 4251   4249  
  Two-parent biological Reference   Reference  
  Single-parent 0.82 (0.56,1.20) 0.30 0.82 (0.56,1.21) 0.32
  Two-parent blended/adoptive 0.80 (0.60,1.07) 0.14 0.80 (0.60,1.07) 0.13
  Other family types 1.14 (0.70,1.85) 0.61 1.14 (0.70,1.86) 0.59
  1. Abbreviations: OR, Odds Ratio; CI, Confidence Interval; SSBs, sugar-sweetened beverages
  2. Model 1 is adjusted for adjusted for sex (only girls/only boys/both sexes), age (younger (<12 years) children /older (≥12 years) children / younger (<12 years) and older (≥12 years) children), parental education level, number of children and adults in the household
  3. Model 2 is additionally adjusted for the BMI z-score (mean BMI z-score in case of more than one child in the family)