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Table 2 Baseline participant demographics, behavior, well-being, and health, overall and according to intervention group

From: Effectiveness of prescribing physical activity in parks to improve health and wellbeing - the park prescription randomized controlled trial

CharacteristicsTotal (N = 160)PPI (N = 80)Control (N = 80)
Age51.1 ± 6.352.1 ± 6.550.0 ± 6.0
Gender: Female127 (79)65 (81)62 (78)
Race
 Chinese130 (81)67 (84)63 (79)
 Malay14 (9)7 (9)7 (9)
 Indian13 (8)5 (6)8 (10)
 Others3 (2)1 (1)2 (2)
Education
 Secondary and below84 (52)41 (51)43 (54)
 Pre-tertiary46 (29)25 (31)21 (26)
 University and above30 (19)14 (18)16 (20)
Work status: working121 (76)53 (66)68 (85)
Marriage: Currently married126 (79)66 (82)60 (75)
Household income (in Singapore Dollar per month)
 Below 200034 (21)17 (21)17 (21)
 2000–399940 (25)20 (25)20 (25)
 4000–599934 (21)15 (19)19 (24)
 6000 and above52 (32)28 (35)24 (30)
Physical activity related behaviors
 Total MVPA (min/week)a442.7 ± 534.7475.7 ± 618.1409.8 ± 437.2
 Recreational MVPA (min/week)a71.3 ± 157.585.0 ± 207.157.6 ± 81.7
 Sedentary time (hour/week)b39.6 ± 22.338.7 ± 22.740.5 ± 22.0
 Time spent in Park (min/month)171.4 ± 293.8168.1 ± 303.2174.7 ± 286.1
 PA in Park (min/month)130.3 ± 261.8132.7 ± 296.6127.9 ± 223.6
Mental well-being
 General health from SF-12 (range: 1–5)2.8 ± 0.82.8 ± 0.82.8 ± 0.7
 K10 total (range: 10–50)13.1 ± 3.612.7 ± 2.913.4 ± 4.1
 WHO5 total (range: 0–100)58.3 ± 22.358.1 ± 22.158.5 ± 22.6
Physical Health
 Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L)5.05 ± 0.425.06 ± 0.415.04 ± 0.44
 High-density lipoprotein, HDL (mmol/L)1.56 ± 0.461.58 ± 0.501.53 ± 0.43
 Low-density lipoprotein, LDL (mmol/L)3.23 ± 0.873.44 ± 0.883.02 ± 0.81
 Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.27 ± 0.941.24 ± 0.601.30 ± 1.20
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHG)118.0 ± 11.5117.8 ± 11.6118.2 ± 11.6
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHG)71.3 ± 7.571.5 ± 7.771.2 ± 7.3
 BMI (kg/m2)23.9 ± 4.124.2 ± 4.123.6 ± 4.1
  1. Note: Data are mean ± SD or n (%) unless otherwise indicated
  2. aSubjective measures based on GPAQ
  3. bSubjective measures based on IPAQ