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Table 2 Summary of perceived barriers and facilitators to implementation of menu labelling coded to the CFIR

From: Barriers and facilitators to implementation of menu labelling interventions from a food service industry perspective: a mixed methods systematic review

CFIR domain CFIR construct CFIR sub-construct Studies that identified facilitators Studies that identified barriers
Intervention Characteristics Intervention source   [59,60,61] No data
Evidence strength and quality   [62, 63] [62, 64, 65]
Relative advantage   [56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70] [59, 61,62,63,64,65, 67,68,69,70,71]
Adaptability   No data No data
Trialability   No data No data
Complexity   No data [59,60,61,62,63, 65, 70, 71]
Design quality and packaging   [63, 67] [59, 61, 65, 68]
Cost   [61] [58, 59, 61,62,63,64,65,66, 68, 69, 71, 72]
Outer Setting Consumer needs and resources   [57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65, 67, 68, 72] [57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68, 70, 71]
Cosmopolitanism   [59, 61] No data
Peer pressure   [57,58,59,60,61, 63, 64, 67] [61]
External policy and incentives   [56, 58,59,60,61,62,63, 67, 68] [58, 59, 61,62,63,64,65,66, 68,69,70,71]
Inner Setting Structural characteristics   [57, 61, 63,64,65] [60,61,62,63, 65, 66]
Networks and communications   [70] No data
Culture   No data No data
Implementation climate    
  Tension for change No data [61, 62, 65, 68, 71]
  Compatibility [58,59,60,61,62,63,64, 69, 71] [58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66, 69,70,71]
  Relative priority No data [60,61,62,63,64, 71]
  Incentives and rewards No data [62]
  Goals and feedback [58, 61, 69] [59, 61, 62, 64, 67,68,69,70,71]
  Learning climate No data No data
Readiness for implementation    
  Leadership support [61, 62] No data
  Available resources [62, 63, 65] [58,59,60,61,62,63, 65, 68, 69, 71]
  Access to knowledge and information [57, 59,60,61,62,63, 65,66,67, 70] [58,59,60,61,62,63, 66, 69, 71, 72]
Characteristics of Individuals Knowledge and beliefs   [61, 63, 67] [60, 62, 65, 69, 71, 72]
Self-efficacy   No data No data
Individual stage of change   No data No data
Individual identification with food business   No data No data
Other personal attributes   [71] [60, 71]
Process Planning   No data No data
Engaging   [63] No data
  Opinion leaders [59] No data
  Formally appointed internal implementation leaders No data No data
  Champions No data No data
  External change agents [59,60,61,62,63, 65, 67] [60, 61, 63]
Executing   No data [58, 61, 62]
Reflecting and evaluating   [56] No data