Skip to main content

Table 2 Study Contacts with Family Panel

From: Cultural adaptation of ‘Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids’ for Hispanic families: applying the ecological validity model

Type of ContactPurposeEcological Validity Model dimension exploredn
Focus Groups (three)
1 Spanish-speaking, Fathers and Mothers
1 English-speaking, Fathers and Mothers
1 Spanish-speaking, only Fathers
Identify whether key components of the HDHK need to be adapted or changed for the Houston Hispanic community. Identify any new concepts that may need be added to HDHK to meet the needs of Hispanic families in Houston.Goals
Concepts
Methods
Content
Language
17
(10 Fathers, 7 Mothers)
Online Survey, Fathers and MothersIntroduce and get feedback on parental preferences for the initial ideas for adaptation of program name, logos and colors; and the initial adaptation of play cards.Content
Metaphors
Language
21 (11 Fathers, 10 Mothers)
Follow-up Interviews, Fathers and MothersClarify responses from online survey on program colors, adapted name and logos and initial adaptation of play cards. Assess barriers and facilitators for having fathers and their children a) be more active together, b) eat healthier, and c) participate in the HDHK program. Identify preferences and suggestions for additional resources that will be provided during the implementation of the program.Methods
Content
Metaphors
Language
Context
16 (7 Fathers, 9 Mothers)
Cognitive Interviews, only FathersAssess their understanding of instructions and items and ease in completing a survey questionnaire regarding their parenting practices. Assess whether the survey accurately reflects parenting practices they use to influence their children’s nutrition and PA behaviors and if additional concepts should be added.Language
Context
Content
12 (All Fathers)
Interviews, FathersAssess fathers’ perceptions and goals of their own health, motivation to participate in a program like HDHK, reaction to program concepts (such as “changing the shape of the work week”), and understanding of terms and phrases used in the adapted materialGoals
Concepts
Methods
Content
Persons
Language
5 (All Fathers)
Interviews, MothersAssess how mothers preferred to receive information and be engaged in the program when program sessions remained targeting fathers and children (a core component)Goals
Concepts
Methods
Content
7 (All Mothers)
Focus Groups, Children
1 English-speaking
1 Spanish-speaking
Identify whether key components of the HDHK children’s materials and activities need to be adapted or changed for Hispanic children. Identify any new concepts that may need be added to HDHK children’s materials to meet the needs of Hispanic children.Concepts
Methods
Content
Context
Language
9