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Table 1 Summary of key findings

From: Increasing translation of research evidence for optimal park design: a qualitative study with stakeholders

Factors influencing decisions to (re) develop parks and park design:
• Overarching policy and strategic planning documents
• Condition of existing parks
• Availability of land and characteristics of site
• Desire to meet evolving needs of the community
Current use of evidence in policy and planning:
• Evidence currently used included: academic evidence, evidence collected by their own organisations and evidence distributed by other non-academic organisations
Barriers to using evidence to inform park design:
• Time and cost constraints: enhanced due to deadlines and short time frames
• Difficulties locating and accessing relevant research: enhanced due to lack of skills and knowledge of how to find relevant research and insufficient access to databases/academic literature
• Lack of relevant research relevant to real-world settings
Ways to enhance evidence-based park design:
• Develop research partnerships between research academics/institutions and park developers/planners
• Provide more accessible research, communicated in a timely, succinct and informative format such as short summary reports, infographics, regular research updates, dedicated research databases, and conference and seminar presentations
Research gaps:
• Identifying park features that would encourage visitation across varying demographic groups to inform the planning and design of future park developments and re-developments
• Cost-benefit analysis studies of park and open space developments