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Table 2 Children’s characteristics for all children and by age group of the target children

From: Like me, like you – relative importance of peers and siblings on children’s fast food consumption and screen time but not sports club participation depends on age

 Observations of children1
All children< 7 years7–8 years9–10 years> = 11 years
Observations of children from 2-child families (n)53881920120110951172
Number of peers per child (mean, SD)40.7 (22.9)36.4 (22.6)42.4 (25.6)41.0 (19.6)45.7 (22.3)
Age (mean, SD)8.4 (3.2)5.1 (1.3)7.9 (0.6)9.9 (0.6)13.1 (1.4)
Sex (n, %)
 Boys2795 (51.9)1041 (54.2)609 (50.7)557 (50.9)588 (50.2)
 Girls2593 (48.1)879 (45.8)592 (49.3)538 (49.1)584 (49.8)
Parental education level (n, %)2
 Low or medium education2481 (46.1)861 (44.8)546 (45.5)493 (45.0)581 (49.6)
 High education2907 (53.9)1059 (55.2)655 (54.5)602 (55.0)591 (50.4)
Country (n, %)
 Italy1084 (20.1)350 (18.2)247 (20.6)229 (20.9)258 (22.0)
 Estonia428 (7.9)156 (8.1)68 (5.7)127 (11.6)77 (6.6)
 Cyprus724 (13.4)132 (6.9)120 (10.6)145 (13.2)327 (27.9)
 Belgium476 (8.8)231 (12.0)134 (11.2)74 (6.8)37 (3.2)
 Sweden908 (16.9)426 (22.2)234 (19.5)154 (14.1)94 (8.0)
 Germany684 (12.7)232 (12.1)152 (12.7)124 (11.3)176 (15.0)
 Hungary528 (9.8)146 (7.6)111 (9.2)121 (11.1)150 (12.8)
 Spain556 (10.3)247 (12.9)135 (11.2)121 (11.1)53 (4.5)
Childrens lifestyle behavior
 Fast food consumption (frequency/week)1.02 (1.66)0.44 (0.67)0.47 (0.68)0.62 (1.00)2.92 (2.43)
 Screen time duration (hours/week)13.7 (8.8)10.6 (6.6)13.2 (7.2)14.6 (8.1)18.4 (11.5)
 Sports club duration (hours/week)1.79 (2.22)0.85 (1.29)1.94 (1.92)2.48 (2.24)2.53 (3.01)
Peers lifestyle behavior
 Fast food consumption (frequency/week)1.03 (1.27)0.45 (0.29)0.51 (0.34)0.59 (0.41)2.95 (1.51)
 Screen time duration (hours/week)13.9 (4.3)10.9 (2.7)13.5 (2.5)14.7 (3.0)18.5 (4.6)
 Sports club duration (hours/week)1.69 (1.02)0.78 (0.59)1.83 (0.60)2.39 (0.77)2.36 (1.03)
  1. 1Pooled sample from 3 study waves
  2. 2International Standard Classification of Education Maximum (ISCED); maximum of both parents (0, 1, 2 = low education; 3, 4 = medium education; 5, 6 = high education)