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Table 2 Children’s characteristics for all children and by age group of the target children

From: Like me, like you – relative importance of peers and siblings on children’s fast food consumption and screen time but not sports club participation depends on age

  Observations of children1
All children < 7 years 7–8 years 9–10 years > = 11 years
Observations of children from 2-child families (n) 5388 1920 1201 1095 1172
Number of peers per child (mean, SD) 40.7 (22.9) 36.4 (22.6) 42.4 (25.6) 41.0 (19.6) 45.7 (22.3)
Age (mean, SD) 8.4 (3.2) 5.1 (1.3) 7.9 (0.6) 9.9 (0.6) 13.1 (1.4)
Sex (n, %)
 Boys 2795 (51.9) 1041 (54.2) 609 (50.7) 557 (50.9) 588 (50.2)
 Girls 2593 (48.1) 879 (45.8) 592 (49.3) 538 (49.1) 584 (49.8)
Parental education level (n, %)2
 Low or medium education 2481 (46.1) 861 (44.8) 546 (45.5) 493 (45.0) 581 (49.6)
 High education 2907 (53.9) 1059 (55.2) 655 (54.5) 602 (55.0) 591 (50.4)
Country (n, %)
 Italy 1084 (20.1) 350 (18.2) 247 (20.6) 229 (20.9) 258 (22.0)
 Estonia 428 (7.9) 156 (8.1) 68 (5.7) 127 (11.6) 77 (6.6)
 Cyprus 724 (13.4) 132 (6.9) 120 (10.6) 145 (13.2) 327 (27.9)
 Belgium 476 (8.8) 231 (12.0) 134 (11.2) 74 (6.8) 37 (3.2)
 Sweden 908 (16.9) 426 (22.2) 234 (19.5) 154 (14.1) 94 (8.0)
 Germany 684 (12.7) 232 (12.1) 152 (12.7) 124 (11.3) 176 (15.0)
 Hungary 528 (9.8) 146 (7.6) 111 (9.2) 121 (11.1) 150 (12.8)
 Spain 556 (10.3) 247 (12.9) 135 (11.2) 121 (11.1) 53 (4.5)
Childrens lifestyle behavior
 Fast food consumption (frequency/week) 1.02 (1.66) 0.44 (0.67) 0.47 (0.68) 0.62 (1.00) 2.92 (2.43)
 Screen time duration (hours/week) 13.7 (8.8) 10.6 (6.6) 13.2 (7.2) 14.6 (8.1) 18.4 (11.5)
 Sports club duration (hours/week) 1.79 (2.22) 0.85 (1.29) 1.94 (1.92) 2.48 (2.24) 2.53 (3.01)
Peers lifestyle behavior
 Fast food consumption (frequency/week) 1.03 (1.27) 0.45 (0.29) 0.51 (0.34) 0.59 (0.41) 2.95 (1.51)
 Screen time duration (hours/week) 13.9 (4.3) 10.9 (2.7) 13.5 (2.5) 14.7 (3.0) 18.5 (4.6)
 Sports club duration (hours/week) 1.69 (1.02) 0.78 (0.59) 1.83 (0.60) 2.39 (0.77) 2.36 (1.03)
  1. 1Pooled sample from 3 study waves
  2. 2International Standard Classification of Education Maximum (ISCED); maximum of both parents (0, 1, 2 = low education; 3, 4 = medium education; 5, 6 = high education)