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Table 1 Description of measurement tools to determine sedentary behaviour

From: Validity and reliability of subjective methods to assess sedentary behaviour in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Name of tool (reference) Specific tool (no. of questions)a Construct    Formatc Unit
Domainb Distinction in days (wk/wknd; work days) Recall period
1-item questionnaires
EEPAQ; Elderly EXERNET Physical Activity Questionnaire [17] Q (1) To yes 1 wk T Hrs (cat)
GPAQ: Global Physical Activity Questionnaire [18,19,20,21,22,23,24] Q (1) To no T Hrs + min
IPAQ (short); International Physical Activity Questionnaire [25,26,27] Q [1) To no 1 wk T Hrs + min
Modified MOSPA-Q; MONICA Optional Study on Physical Activity Questionnaire [28] Q (1) W no T Hrs + min
PPAQ; Paffenbarger Physical Activity Questionnaire [29] Q (1) To no T Hrs
SED-GIH [30] Q (1) To no T Hrs (cat)
SQ; Single Question [31,32,33] Q (1) To no T Hrs + min
TASST; TAxonomy of Self-report SB Tools [31, 34]
1) Single item total times; 2) Single item proportion; 3) TV time
Q (1: 1, 2: 1, 3: 1) To no 1 d
1 wk
T Hrs + min
%
T-SQ; Total sitting questionnaire [35] Q (1) To no 7 d T Hrs + min
TV-Q; TV viewing [35] Q (1) To no T Hrs + min
YPAS; Yale Physical Activity Survey for Older Adults [36] I (1) To no T Hrs
Clemes et al. 2012 [33] Q (1) To yes T Hrs + min
Gao et al. 2017 (57)
1) Single item proportion (3 months) 2) Single item proportion (1 day)
Q(1: 1, 2: 1) W no 1: 1 d
2: 3 mo
T %
Gupta et al. 2017 [37] Q (1) To no 3 d T Hrs + min
2–9-item questionnaires
AQuAA; Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents [38] Q (4) L no 1 wk T Hrs + min
Cancer Prevention Study-3 Sedentary Time Survey [39] Q (4) To + L yes 1 yr T Hrs (cat)
CHAMPS; Community Health Activities Model Program for Seniors [36, 40] Q (9) L + other no 4 wk T Hrs (cat)
FPACQ; Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire [41, 42] Q (3) To + W + Tr no T Hrs
IPAQ (long); International Physical Activity Questionnaire [26, 43,44,45,46,47] Q (2) To no 1 wk T Hrs + min
OPAQ; Occupational Physical Activity Questionnaire [48] Q (2) W no T Hrs
OSPAQ; Occupational Sitting and Physical Activity Questionnaire [28, 49,50,51] Q (3) W no 1 wk T % of sitting
PAS2; Physical Activity Scale [52] Q (2) L + W no T Hrs + min
PASBAQ; Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Assessment Questionnaire [53] Q (3) L + W no 4 wk T Hrs + min
PASB-Q; Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire [54] Q (3) L + W no T / Br Hrs (cat)
number
PAST-U; Past-day Adults’ Sedentary Time University [55] Q (9) L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
PAT Survey; Physical Activity and Transit Survey [56] Q (2) To no 1 wk T Hrs + min
RPAQ; Recent Physical Activity Questionnaire [57, 58] Q (4) L + Tr no 4 wk T Hrs (cat)
Regicor Short Physical Activity Questionnaire [59] Q (4) L yes   T Hrs
SCCS PAQ; Southern Community Cohort Study Physical Activity Questionnaire [60] Q (6) L + Tr + W no T Hrs + min
SITBRQ: Workplace Sitting Breaks Questionnaire [61] Q (2) W yes   Br Freq + duration
Stand Up For Your Health Questionnaire [36, 62] I (7) L + Tr + W no 1 wk T Hrs + min
STAQ; Sedentary, Transportation and Activity Questionnaire [63] Q (7) L + Tr + W yes 4 wk T Hrs + min (cat)
TASST; TAxonomy of Self-report SB Tools [31]
4) Patterns; 5) Sum of domains
Q (4: 2, 5: 13) H + L + Tr + W no 1 d
1 wk
T / Bou Hrs + min
no. of bouts + duration
Survey of older adults’ sedentary time [64] Q (8) L + Tr + W No 1 wk T Hrs + min
Web-based physical activity questionnaire Active-Q [65] Q (8) L + Tr + W no 1 mo T Hrs + min (cat)
WSWQ; Percentage-Method Improves Properties of Workers’ Sitting- and Walking-Time Questionnaire [66] Q (3/7) L + W yes 1 mo T Hrs + min
%
Clark et al. 2011 [67] Q (2) W yes 1 wk T / Br Hrs + min / freq
Jefferis et al. 2016 [68] Q (4) L + Tr no T Hrs
Lagersted-Olsen et al. 2014 [69] Q (4) L + W no 1 wk T / Bou Hrs + min
Mielke et al. 2020 [70] Q (5) L + Tr + W no 1 wk T Hrs + min
Sudholx et al. 2012 [71] Q (2) W no 1 wk T / Br Hrs + min / freq
Cartmel et al. 1992 [72]
Questionnaire A / B
Q (2) Qa: H, L Qb: To Qa: no
Qb: yes
Qa: 1 yr
Qb: -
T Hrs + min
≥10-item questionnaires
ASBQ: Adult Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire [21] Q (12) L + Tr + W yes 1 wk T Hrs + min
D-SQ; Domain-Specific Questionnaire [35] Q (10) L + Tr + W yes 7 d T Hrs + min
MPAQ; Madras Physical Activity Questionnaire [73] Q (19) L + Tr + W no T Hrs + min / freq
MSTQ; Multicontext Sitting Time Questionnaire [74] Q (14) L + Tr + W no T Hrs + min
PAFQ: Physical Activity Frequency Questionnaire [75] Q (140) L + W no 1 wk T Hrs + min
PAST-WEEK-U [76] Q (63) L + Tr + W no 1 wk T Hrs + min
NIGHTLY-WEEK-U [76] Q (63) L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
SBQ; Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire [24, 43, 77] Q (18) L + Tr + W yes T Hrs + min (cat)
SIT-Q; Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire [78] Q (20) L + Tr + W yes 1 yr T / Br Hrs + min
(cat) / freq
SIT-Q-7d; last 7-d sedentary behavior questionnaire [79, 80] Q (20) L + Tr + W yes 1 wk T / Br Hrs + min (cat) / freq
STAR-Q [81] Q (17) H + L + Tr + W no 4 wk T Hrs + min
TASST; TAxonomy of Self-report SB Tools [31] [34]
6) Sum of behaviours
Q (13) H + L + Tr + W no 1 d
1 wk
T Hrs + min
WSQ; Workforce Sitting Questionnaire [50, 82, 83] Q (10) L + Tr + W yes 1 wk T Hrs + min
Clark et al. 2015 [84] Q (10) L + Tr + W yes 1 wk T Hrs + min
Clemes et al. 2012 [33] Q (10) L + Tr + W yes T Hrs + min
Ishii et al. 2018 [85] Q (12) L + Tr + W Yes 1 wk T Hrs + min (cat)
Marshall et al. 2012 [86] Q (10) L + Tr + W yes T Hrs + min
Van Cauwenberg et al. 2017 [87] Q (12) L + Tr no 1 wk T Hrs + min
Visser et al. 2010 [88] Q (20) L + Tr + W no T Hrs + min
Logs and diaries
7-day SLIPA Log; (7-day Sedentary and Light Intensity Physical Activity Log) [89] L L + Tr + W yes 1 d T Hrs + min
BAR; Bouchard Activity Record [90] D To no T Hrs + min
BeWell24 Self-Monitoring App [91] D L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
cpar24; Computer-Based 24-Hour Physical Activity Recall Instrument [92] D L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
EMA; Ecological Momentary Assessment [93] D To no 1 d T Hrs + min (cat)
MARCA; Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adults [32, 94] I L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
PAMS; Physical Activity Measurement Survey [95] I L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
PDR; Previous Day Recall [45] I L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
Time Use Survey [96] D L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
Updated PDR; Updated Previous Day Recall [97] I L + Tr + W no 1 d T Hrs + min
  1. aQ = questionnaire; L = log; D = diary; I = interview
  2. bTo = Total; H=Household; L = Leisure; Tr = Transport; W=Work
  3. cT = Total time; Br = breaks; Bou = bouts