Skip to main content

Table 4 Individual and occasion level factors associated with consuming a SSB at eating occasions that include a beveragea

From: Eating occasion situational factors and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in young adults

Individual level: Sociodemographic and health behaviour factors
Age 1.00 (0.97, 1.02)
Gender
 Male (ref.) 1.00
 Female 1.02 (0.72, 1.44)
Education level
 Tertiary or higher (ref.) 1.00
 Less than tertiary 1.53 (1.16, 2.01)**
Smoking status
 Never smoker (ref.) 1.00
 Past/current 1.26 (0.94, 1.68)
Weight Status
 Healthy/underweight (ref.) 1.00
 Overweight/obese 1.20 (0.92, 1.57)
Eating occasion level: Situational factors
 Persons present
  Alone (ref.) 1.00
  With friends 1.45 (0.94, 2.24)
  With other people 0.83 (0.64, 1.07)
 Location of SSB intake
  Home, including family/friends’ home (ref.) 1.00
  Work/University 1.27 (0.89, 1.83)
  Fast food venue 1.78 (0.77, 4.14)
  café/restaurant 3.02 (1.58, 5.78)**
  Otherb 1.31 (0.86, 2.00)
 Activity
  Nothing else (ref.) 1.00
  Visiting family/friends 1.49 (0.89, 2.50)
  Screen-based activity 1.21 (0.86, 1.71)
  Otherc 1.01 (0.70, 1.46)
 Location of purchase
  Supermarket/grocery store (ref.) 1.00
  Convenience outletd 4.58 (2.85, 7.38)***
  Othere 0.39 (0.26, 0.59)***
  1. Abbreviations: ref. reference group, SSB Sugar-sweetened beverage
  2. a Values are odds ratios (95% CI) determined using multilevel logistic regression adjusted for all individual and eating occasion level factors (n = 2185 beverage EO with complete data on EO level situational factors)
  3. bIncludes sporting venue or in transit (i.e. car, bus train)
  4. cIncludes in transit (i.e. car, bus train), reading/studying or playing sports
  5. dIncludes fast food/takeaway shop, Convenience store/milk bar/service station; vending machines
  6. eIncludes specialty shops, food markets, and common text responses stating ‘tap water’
  7. **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001