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Table 5 Individual and occasion level factors associated with consuming a SSB at all eating occasionsa

From: Eating occasion situational factors and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in young adults

Individual level: Sociodemographic and health behaviour factors
Age 0.99 (0.98, 1.02)
Gender
 Male (ref.) 1.00
 Female 1.01 (0.75, 1.36)
Education level
 Tertiary or higher (ref.) 1.00
 Less than tertiary 1.29 (1.01, 1.64)*
Smoking status
 Never smoker (ref.) 1.00
 Past/current 1.27 (0.98, 1.64)
Weight Status
 Healthy/underweight (ref.) 1.00
 Overweight/obese 1.04 (0.83, 1.32)
Eating occasion level: Situational factors
 Persons present
  Alone (ref.) 1.00
  With friends 1.10 (0.75, 1.60)
  With other people 0.78 (0.62, 0.99)*
 Location of SSB intake
  Home, including family/friends’ home (ref.) 1.00
  Work/University 1.10 (0.80, 1.52)
  Fast food venue 2.11 (1.08, 4.15)*
  café/restaurant 2.85 (1.66, 4.89)***
  Otherb 1.35 (0.92, 1.98)
 Activity
  Nothing else (ref.) 1.00
  Visiting family/friends 1.09 (0.69, 1.71)
  Screen-based activity 1.21 (0.89, 1.65)
  Otherc 1.23 (0.90, 1.75)
 Location of purchase
  Supermarket/grocery store (ref.) 1.00
  Convenience outletd 3.32 (2.31, 4.78)***
  Othere 0.58 (0.41, 0.81)**
  1. Abbreviations: ref. reference group, SSB Sugar-sweetened beverage
  2. aValues are odds ratios (95% CI) determined using multilevel logistic regression adjusted for all individual and eating occasion level factors (n = 4209 EO with complete data on EO level situational factors)
  3. bIncludes sporting venue or in transit (i.e. car, bus train)
  4. cIncludes in transit (i.e. car, bus train), reading/studying or playing sports
  5. dIncludes fast food/takeaway shop, Convenience store/milk bar/ service station; vending machines
  6. eIncludes specialty shops, food markets, and common text responses stating ‘tap water’
  7. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001