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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Urban environments and objectively-assessed physical activity and sedentary time in older Belgian and Chinese community dwellers: potential pathways of influence and the moderating role of physical function

Characteristics [% missing values] ALECS & BEPAS
(n = 829)
ALECS
(n = 402)
BEPAS
(n = 427)
Participant demographics and physical function
Age (years; mean ± SD)
[0.1% missing]
74.83 ± 6.18 75.55 ± 6.15 74.16 ± 6.14
Sex (% female)
[0.1% missing]
61.28 68.91 54.10
Education (% above primary school)
[0.1% missing]
61.04 46.77 74.47
Marital status (% married or cohabiting)
[0.1% missing]
64.66 62.94 66.28
Neighbourhood SES (low/high, % low)
[0.1% missing]
48.73 49.25 48.24
Household car ownership (% yes)
[0.2% missing]
55.49 28.86 80.56
SPPB (range 1–12, mean ± SD)
[1.0% missing]
10.03 ± 1.94 9.94 ± 1.95 10.11 ± 1.93
Objective neighbourhood attributes (mean ± SD) [0% missing]
Residential density (dwellings/km2)
 400 m SNR buffers 21,952 ± 58,736 37,227 ± 81,358 7569 ± 6866
 1 km SNR buffers 21,546 ± 21,211 36,316 ± 21,490 7640 ± 6328
Commercial & civic destination density (destinations/km2)
 400 m SNR buffers 155.74 ± 140.61 185.87 ± 107.23 127.38 ± 161.07
 1 km SNR buffers 119.98 ± 112.51 118.27 ± 60.33 121.58 ± 145.52
Public transport density (stops/km2)
 400 m SNR buffers 16.56 ± 17.38 14.86 ± 18.67 18.16 ± 15.92
 1 km SNR buffers 14.10 ± 9.84 10.74 ± 6.87 17.27 ± 11.09
Recreation density (facilities/km2)
 400 m SNR buffers 14.65 ± 18.35 19.61 ± 23.83 9.99 ± 8.65
 1 km SNR buffers 14.36 ± 13.35 22.17 ± 15.17 7.00 ± 4.23
Park number
 400 m SNR buffers 1.47 ± 1.69 1.21 ± 1.46 1.71 ± 1.85
 1 km SNR buffers 7.15 ± 6.24 6.37 ± 5.12 7.88 ± 7.07
Accelerometer-assessed physical activity and sedentary time (mean ± SD) [0% missing]
Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (average min/day) 55.78 ± 37.05 69.00 ± 36.31 43.33 ± 34.24
Sedentary time (average min/day) 414.13 ± 98.01 404.94 ± 98.11 422.78 ± 97.25
Average wear time (average min/day) 835.38 ± 87.31 811.71 ± 92.22 857.66 ± 76.06
  1. ALECS Active Lifestyle and the Environment in Chinese Seniors study, BEPAS Belgian Environmental Physical Activity Study on Seniors study, SD standard deviation, SES socio-economic status, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, SNR street-network residential