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Table 3 Summary of the movement and play behaviours in children and youth during the COVID-19 virus outbreak

From: Impact of the COVID-19 virus outbreak on movement and play behaviours of Canadian children and youth: a national survey

  Children Youth
Total (n = 690) Girls (n = 321) Boys (n = 369) Total (n = 774) Girls (n = 368) Boys (n = 406)
Current child health behaviours, M (SD)
 MVPA ≥60 min (days/week) 3.55 (2.33) 3.35a (2.26) 3.73a (2.38) 2.59 (2.33) 2.60 (2.28) 2.57 (2.38)
 Sleep (hours/day) 9.19 (2.33) 9.28 (2.18) 9.12 (2.45) 9.01 (2.30) 9.10 (2.10) 8.93 (2.46)
 Screen time (hours/day) 5.14 (3.54) 5.06 (3.26) 5.21 (3.78) 6.53 (3.31) 6.31a (3.21) 6.72a (3.39)
Proportion of children meeting guidelines (%)
 MVPA 23.8 19.0a 27.9ga 13.2 11.4 14.8
 Sleep† 69.9 72.6 67.5 72.1 73.6 70.7
 Screen time 16.5 16.2a 16.8a 6.6 7.9 5.4
 24 h combined 4.8 2.8 6.5ga 0.6 0.8 0.5
Change in child movement and play behaviours during COVID-19 outbreak, M (SD)a
 Walks or bikes in neighbourhood 2.57 (1.35) 2.54a (1.36) 2.61a (1.34) 2.19 (1.20) 2.24 (1.24) 2.15 (1.17)
 Physical activity or sport outside 2.28 (1.22) 2.26a (1.25) 2.30a (1.20) 1.96 (1.13) 1.93 (1.11) 1.99 (1.15)
 Physical activity or sport inside 2.94 (1.15) 3.01a (1.19) 2.88a (1.11) 2.59 (1.21) 2.64 (1.55) 2.55 (1.15)
 Household chores 3.35 (0.80) 3.38 (0.83) 3.33 (0.78) 3.29 (0.84) 3.33 (0.81) 3.25 (0.86)
 Plays outside 2.58 (1.31) 2.57a (1.30) 2.59a (1.31) 2.24 (1.08) 2.20 (1.03) 2.27 (1.13)
 Plays inside 3.85 (1.00) 3.86a (1.02) 3.84a (0.99) 3.60 (1.00) 3.58 (0.97) 3.62 (1.03)
 Watches television (TV) or screens 4.10 (0.87) 4.10 (0.92) 4.11 (0.84) 4.21 (0.92) 4.21 (0.91) 4.21 (0.93)
 Uses social media 3.30 (0.89) 3.46g (0.91) 3.16 (0.85) 3.78 (0.94) 3.97ag (0.86) 3.62a (0.97)
 Sleep quantity 3.21 (0.70) 3.30g (0.70) 3.14 (0.69) 3.63 (0.84) 3.74ag (0.78) 3.53a (0.88)
 Sleep quality 3.05 (0.66) 3.05 (0.68) 3.05 (0.65) 3.04 (0.73) 3.05 (0.71) 3.02 (0.75)
 Overall healthy movement behaviours 2.66 (0.83) 2.68a (0.81) 2.65a (0.84) 2.44 (0.90) 2.49 (0.91) 2.38 (0.89)
 Overall time spent outside 2.38 (1.26) 2.35a (1.25) 2.41a (1.28) 2.08 (1.15) 2.05 (1.13) 2.11 (1.17)
 Family time in physical activity 2.72 (1.16) 2.70 (1.17) 2.74 (1.16) 2.57 (1.11) 2.58 (1.06) 2.56 (1.15)
 Family time in sedentary behaviours 3.87 (0.81) 3.90 (0.83) 3.85 (0.79) 3.88 (0.88) 3.94 (0.82) 3.83 (0.93)
  1. MVPA Moderate to vigorous physical activity; a = significant age effect. g = significant gender effect; † = for sleep, the column ‘children’ age is 5–13 years and ‘youth’ age is 14–17 years as per the 24-h sleep guidelines
  2. aRange from 1 to 5, 3 represents no change (see Table 1 for details)