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Table 3 Differences in median MBS and PBS costs (2013–2017) for categories of PA variables (levels and trajectories) from 2001 to 2013 in mid-age Australian women. (N = 6953)

From: Twelve year trajectories of physical activity and health costs in mid-age Australian women

  Health Costs 2013–2015 (AUD) a
PA level MBS b PBS c
  β crude (95%CI) β adjusted (95%CI) d β crude (95%CI) β adjusted (95%CI) d
2001 (50–55 years)
 None 0 0 0 0
 Low − 628 (− 969; −287) − 507 (− 1840; 825) − 529 (−690; − 368) − 363 (− 515; − 211)
 Moderate −695 (− 1060; −329) − 1106 (− 2537; 323) −817 (−989; −644) − 531 (−694; −367)
 High − 615 (− 965; −265) − 719 (− 2096; 658) −823 (−988; − 657) −508 (−665; −351)
2007 (56–61 years)
 None 0 0 0 0
 Low −658 (− 1049; − 267) − 138 (− 1638; 1362) − 684 (− 875; −493) − 377 (− 541; −212)
 Moderate − 612 (− 997; −226) −243 (− 1730; 1243) − 727 (−915; −538) − 372 (−535; −209)
 High −666 (− 1022; −310) −632 (−2014; 749) −992 (− 1166; − 818) −544 (− 696; −391)
2013 (62–67 years)
 None 0 0 0 0
 Low − 1090 (− 1448; −733) − 2565 (− 4023; − 1107) − 598 (− 755; − 442) − 320 (− 485; −155)
 Moderate − 1426 (− 1782; 1069) − 3437 (− 4898; −1976) − 1034 (− 1210; − 858) − 605 (− 771; − 439)
 High − 1544 (− 1860; − 1228) − 3522 (−4831; −2212) − 1145 (− 1301; − 989) − 669 (− 818; −519)
PA trajectories
 Always inactive 0 0 0 0
 Always active −813 (− 1148; −477) −1728 (−3013; −443) − 1032 (− 1195; − 870) −578 (−729; −426)
 Increasers − 750 (− 1102; −397) − 1117 (− 2448; 212) − 666 (− 837; − 495) −388 (−545; −232)
 Decreasers 281 (− 128; 690) 1040 (− 499; 2579) − 158 (− 357; 39) −130 (− 312; 50)
 Fluctuaters −91 (486; 303) − 434 (− 1919; 1049) − 391 (− 582; − 199) −260 (− 434; − 86)
Number of surveys active
 0 0 0 0 0
 1 −163 (− 540; 214) 245 (− 1162; 1653) − 282 (− 449; − 114) −205 (− 360; − 49)
 2 −438 (− 796; − 80) − 811 (− 2152; 529) − 634 (− 793; − 475) − 382 (− 530; − 234)
 3 −813 (− 1166; − 459) − 1771 (− 3112; − 430) − 1032 (− 1189; − 875) −585 (− 734; − 437)
  1. a AUD: Total health costs over three years in Australian Dollars (2013–2015)
  2. b MBS: Medical Benefits Scheme
  3. c PBS: Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme
  4. d Adjusted for: Age, area, marital status, education, health card, smoking alcohol and BMI