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Table 3 Association of transtions with additional change in fast food intake, beyond the underlying trajectory, among participants in the Project EAT study with two or more waves of survey data (n = 2902)

From: Associations of early adulthood life transitions with changes in fast food intake: a latent trajectory analysis

  Change in fast food intake, times per week, across transitions, β (p-value)
Model 1: Transitions across all waves Model 2: Transitions between pairs of waves
Transition All waves Waves 1–2 Waves 2–3 Waves 3–4
Leaving the parental home −0.17 (0.004) −0.25 (< 0.001) − 0.15 (0.03) 0.01 (0.91)
Leaving full-time education −0.01 (0.90) 0.04 (0.64) −0.05 (0.48) − 0.07 (0.54)
Beginning full-time employment 0.16 (0.004) 0.22 (0.001) 0.11 (0.10) 0.20 (0.06)
Beginning cohabitation −0.16 (0.007) −0.05 (0.60) − 0.17 (0.01) −0.20 (0.02)
Becoming a parent 0.16 (0.004) 0.19 (0.05) 0.15 (0.05) 0.13 (0.08)
  1. Model 1 constrains associations to be the same across all waves, while Model 2 allows associations to vary over time. In other respects these models are identical. Models are adjusted for time-invariant covariates, the underlying growth curve, and mutually adjusted for the other transitions (see Fig. 1). Mean age at each wave: wave 1: 14.9y (SD = 1.6), wave 2: 19.4y (SD = 1.7), wave 3: 25.3y (SD = 1.6) and wave 4: 31.1y (SD = 1.6)