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Table 2 List of critical and important outcomes chosen by expert agreement among the WHO Guideline Development Group for children and adolescents aged 5–17 years

From: 2020 WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour for children and adolescents aged 5–17 years: summary of the evidence

Outcomes Importance
Physical fitness (e.g., cardiorespiratory, motor development, muscular fitness) Critical
Cardiometabolic health (e.g., blood pressure, dyslipidemia, glucose, insulin) Critical
Bone health Critical
Adiposity Critical
Adverse effects (e.g., injuries and harms, respiratory effects of air pollution) Critical
Mental health (e.g., depressive symptoms, self-esteem, anxiety symptoms, ADHD) Critical
Cognitive outcomes (e.g., academic performance, executive function) Critical
Prosocial behaviour (e.g., conduct problems, peer relations, social inclusion) Important
Sleep duration and quality Important