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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the sample across sex-specific quintiles of the proportion of organic food in the diet, NutriNet-Santé study, 2014–2019, N = 33,256*

From: Prospective association between organic food consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: findings from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study

  Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 P1
N 6650 6652 6652 6652 6650  
Cut-off of organic food Share
 Women ≤0.04 > 0.04–0.17 > 0.17–0.32 > 0.32–0.56 > 0.56  
 Men ≤0.01 0.01–0.12 0.12–0.26 0.26–0.5 > 0.50  
 Female (%) 76.33 76.32 76.32 76.32 76.33
Age (years) 52.7 (14.9) 52.5 (14.3) 53.3 (13.8) 53.8 (13.5) 53.7 (13.3) < 0·0001
Education (%)       < 0·0001
  < High school diploma 25.1 19.3 20.7 19.3 17.8  
 High school diploma 16.6 15.3 13.8 13.6 13.9  
 Post-secondary graduate 58.3 65.4 65.5 67.2 68.4  
Monthly income per unit household unit in € (%)       < 0·0001
 Missing 6.74 5.97 6.21 6.06 6.32  
  < 1200 14.81 10.96 10.37 9.86 11.94  
 1200–1800 25.13 22.81 22.49 21.83 22.74  
 1800–2700 25.5 27.6 27.27 28.16 27.53  
  > 2700 27.82 32.67 33.66 34.1 31.47  
Occupational categories (%)       < 0·0001
 Non-employed 4.41 3.76 3.97 3.85 4.87  
 Retired 35.97 33.51 35.24 36.35 34.56  
 Employee/Manual worker 19.23 16.07 14 11.91 12.6  
 Intermediate profession 14.17 15.81 16.15 15.94 14.27  
 Managerial staff 16.57 22.34 22.96 22.91 23.31  
 Never employed 7.97 7.07 6.1 7.13 7.62  
 Craftsman, shopkeeper, business owner, and farmer 1.68 1.44 1.59 1.92 2.77  
Cohabiting (%) 86.36 86.64 88.05 88.08 86.96 0.04
Tobacco status (%)       0.64
 Former smoker 38.78 39.13 39.37 40.83 40.6  
 Current smoker 12.8 11.68 11.79 9.89 9.2  
 Never smoker 48.42 49.19 48.84 49.28 50.2  
Physical activity (%)       < 0·0001
 Missing 23.16 21.2 20.11 19.35 16.19  
 Low 25.08 22.34 19.69 17.61 15.29  
 Medium 18.4 20.25 20.76 20.44 20.16  
 High 17.81 17.99 19.31 21.11 23.77  
Energy intake (kcal/d) 1965 (648) 1980 (618) 1995 (611) 2022 (635) 2011 (618) < 0·0001
% Carbohydrates 39.73 (7.72) 39.43 (7.38) 39.68 (7.37) 39.45 (7.27) 40.25 (7.82) 0.0003
% Lipids 40.29 (7.17) 40.77 (6.92) 40.87 (6.84) 41.59 (6.85) 42.38 (7.62) 0·0017
% Proteins 19.58 (3.82) 19.40 (3.49) 19.05 (3.50) 18.58 (3.52) 17.00 (3.51) < 0·0001
Alcohol consumption (g/d) 8.54 (14.31) 8.65 (12.41) 8.62 (11.91) 8.58 (11.73) 7.41 (10.53) < 0·0001
sPNNS-GS2 1.83 (3.48) 2.16 (3.40) 2.60 (3.30) 2.99 (3.29) 4.29 (3.03) < 0·0001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.77 (4.86) 24.25 (4.65) 24.11 (4.36) 23.84 (4.24) 22.97 (3.89) < 0·0001
Family history of T2D 18.45 17.51 16.58 16.37 16.75 0.002
History of hypertension 17.98 16.27 15.53 14.51 10.75 < 0·0001
History of dyslipidemia 19.85 18.72 18.64 18.13 13.31 < 0·0001
  1. Abbreviations: Q sex-specific Quintile
  2. *All variables were assessed at baseline
  3. 1P for linear contrast or Chi2 test