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Table 2 Association between the proportion of organic food in the diet and risk of T2D, NutriNet-Santé study, 2014–2019, N = 33,256*

From: Prospective association between organic food consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: findings from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study

model Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 P for trend1 5 points increment P2
Total organic food
 Person-years 26,709 27,128 27,218 27,120 26,816    
 Number of cases 83 72 51 48 39    
 Model 13 1.00 (ref) 0.94 (0.69, 1.30) 0.69 (0.48, 0.98) 0.70 (0.48, 1.00) 0.64 (0.43, 0.95) 0.01 0.97 (0.94, 0.99) 0.01
 Model 24 1.00 (ref) 0.89 (0.65, 1.23) 0.69 (0.48, 0.98) 0.67 (0.46, 0.96) 0.65 (0.43, 0.97) 0.01 0.97 (0.95, 0.99) 0.02
Organic plant food
 Person-years 26,733 27,141 27,179 27,239 26,698    
 Number of cases 83 67 55 40 48    
 Model 35 1.00 (ref) 0.88 (0.63, 1.21) 0.74 (0.53, 1.05) 0.55 (0.38, 0.81) 0.76 (0.52, 1.10) 0.01 0.97 (0.95, 1.00) 0.03
 Model 46 1.00 (ref) 0.83 (0.60, 1.16) 0.75 (0.53, 1.06) 0.52 (0.36, 0.77) 0.77 (0.53, 1.12) 0.01 0.98 (0.95, 1.00) 0.03
Organic animal food
 Person-years 26,541 27,104 27,236 27,148 26,960    
 Number of cases 75 58 65 46 49    
 Model 57 1.00 (ref) 0.81 (0.57, 1.14) 0.93 (0.66, 1.30) 0.68 (0.47, 0.99) 0.84 (0.58, 1.22) 0.19 0.99 (0.96, 1.01) 0.27
 Model 68 1.00 (ref) 0.77 (0.54, 1.09) 0.94 (0.67, 1.31) 0.64 (0.44, 0.93) 0.82 (0.56, 1.19) 0.15 0.99 (0.96, 1.01) 0.27
  1. Abbreviation: Q sex-specific quintile
  2. *Values are Hazard ratio (95% confidence intervals), 5 points correspond to 5% of the contribution of OF to the diet
  3. 1P for trend modeling quintile as ordinal independent variable
  4. 2P for continuous independent variable
  5. 3Model 1 is adjusted for age (time-scale), gender, familial history of diabetes, physical activity, occupation, marital status, education, monthly income per unit, smoking status, sPNNS-GS2, energy intake and alcohol consumption
  6. 4Model 2 is model 1 adjusted for body mass index
  7. 5Model 3 is model 1 adjusted for total plant food consumption
  8. 6Model 4 is model 3 adjusted for body mass index
  9. 7Model 5 is model 1 adjusted for total animal food consumption
  10. 8Model 6 is model 5 adjusted for body mass index