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Table 3 Estimated impact of dose and exercise type on falls

From: Evidence on physical activity and falls prevention for people aged 65+ years: systematic review to inform the WHO guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour

Feature Effect on falls, IRR (95% CI)
Higher dose, 3+ h per week of total exercise 0.83 (0.60 to 1.15)
Inclusion of balance/ functional exercisesa 0.76 (0.69 to 0.83)
Higher dose, 3+ h per week of total exercise plus inclusion of balance/ functional exercisesa 0.58 (0.45 to 0.76)
Lower dose, < 3 h per week of total exercise and no inclusion of balance/ functional exercisesa 1.08 (0.84 to 1.38)
  1. abalance and functional exercise, Tai Chi and multiple component exercise interventions that include balance and functional exercise