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Table 4 An overview of how the psychometric findings align with our Food Parenting Practices conceptual framework and Vaughn and colleagues Content Map

From: Calibration of the food parenting practice (FPP) item bank: tools for improving the measurement of food parenting practices of parents of 5–12-year-old children

Vaughn and Colleagues
Content Map [6]
O’Connor and colleagues
Our conceptual Framework [17]
Food Parenting Practices Item Bank
Psychometric Analyses
Domain Constructs Domain Constructs Confirmatory Factor Analyses Constructs Bi-Factor Item Analyses and Item Response Modeling Constructs
Autonomy support or promotion Child involvement Autonomy promotion Child involvement Child involvement Child involvement
Encouragement Encourage healthy eating Encourage Autonomy support
Praise
Nutrition education Education / Reasoning Education / reasoning
Reasoning
Negotiation    
Coercive control Restriction Control Restriction for weight Restriction for weight Restriction for weight
Using food to control negative emotions Using food to control negative emotions Using food to control negative emotions Coercive control
Threats and bribes Threats and bribes Threats and bribes
Pressure to eat Pressure to eat Pressure to eat
  Intrusive control Intrusive control
Structure Modeling Structure Modeling Modeling Nondirective support
  Prompt to eat Prompt to eat
Food preparation Food preparation Meal preparation Provide healthy eating opportunities
  Exposure to variety / selection Exposure to variety / selection
Monitoring Rules and limits Rules and limits Rules and limits
Rules and limits
Limited / guided choice Redirection and negotiation Redirection Redirection
Meals and snack routines Meal routines Meal routines Meal routines
Food accessibility Food accessibility / availability Covert control Covert control
Food availability
Unstructured practices Permissive feeding Accommodate the child Accommodate the child