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Table 1 Sociodemographic and nutrition-related lifestyle characteristics of the population sample, overall and by country, N(%)

From: Objective understanding of the Nutri-score front-of-pack label by European consumers and its effect on food choices: an online experimental study

  Belgium Bulgaria Denmark France Germany Italy Netherlands Poland Portugal Spain Switzerland United Kingdom Total
N 1007 1013 1000 1000 1000 1032 1032 1160 1059 1000 1088 1000 12,391
Gender
 Men 505 (50.15) 508 (50.15) 500 (50.00) 500 (50.00) 500 (50.00) 515 (49.90) 517 (50.10) 580 (50.00) 526 (49.67) 500 (50.00) 560 (51.47) 500 (50.00) 6211 (50.13)
 Women 502 (49.85) 505 (49.85) 500 (50.00) 500 (50.00) 500 (50.00) 517 (50.10) 515 (49.90) 580 (50.00) 533 (50.33) 500 (50.00) 528 (48.53) 500 (50.00) 6180 (49.87)
Age, years
 18–30 336 (33.37) 359 (35.44) 328 (32.80) 333 (33.30) 340 (34.00) 347 (33.62) 345 (33.43) 390 (33.62) 364 (34.37) 339 (33.90) 342 (31.43) 332 (33.20) 4155 (33.53)
 31–50 336 (33.37) 379 (37.41) 333 (33.30) 333 (33.30) 330 (33.00) 343 (33.24) 343 (33.24) 390 (33.62) 363 (34.28) 331 (33.10) 371 (34.10) 334 (33.40) 4186 (33.78)
  > 50 335 (33.27) 275 (27.15) 339 (33.90) 334 (33.40) 330 (33.00) 342 (33.14) 344 (33.33) 380 (32.76) 332 (31.35) 330 (33.00) 375 (34.47) 334 (33.40) 4050 (32.69)
Educational level
 Primary education 55 (5.46) 6 (0.59) 94 (9.40) 17 (1.70) 97 (9.70) 16 (1.55) 13 (1.26) 20 (1.72) 11 (1.04) 21 (2.10) 68 (6.25) 7 (0.70) 425 (3.43)
 Secondary education 328 (32.57) 142 (14.02) 172 (17.20) 183 (18.30) 382 (38.20) 240 (23.26) 314 (30.43) 474 (40.86) 354 (33.43) 316 (31.60) 326 (29.96) 381 (38.10) 3612 (29.15)
 Trade certificate 117 (11.62) 252 (24.88) 391 (39.10) 266 (26.60) 241 (24.10) 259 (25.10) 277 (26.84) 122 (10.52) 139 (13.13) 166 (16.60) 371 (34.10) 144 (14.40) 2745 (22.15)
 University, undergraduate degree 356 (35.35) 262 (25.86) 210 (21.00) 334 (33.40) 129 (12.90) 289 (28.00) 329 (31.88) 192 (16.55) 427 (40.32) 282 (28.20) 189 (17.37) 343 (34.30) 3342 (26.97)
 University postgraduate degree 151 (15.00) 351 (34.65) 133 (13.30) 200 (20.00) 151 (15.10) 228 (22.09) 99 (9.59) 352 (30.34) 128 (12.09) 215 (21.50) 134 (12.32) 125 (12.50) 2267 (18.30)
Level on household income
 High 338 (33.57) 370 (36.53) 320 (32.00) 334 (33.40) 327 (32.70) 342 (33.14) 342 (33.14) 387 (33.36) 355 (33.52) 330 (33.00) 367 (33.73) 335 (33.50) 4147 (33.47)
 Medium 340 (33.76) 359 (35.44) 340 (34.00) 333 (33.30) 333 (33.30) 343 (33.24) 343 (33.24) 397 (34.22) 355 (33.52) 330 (33.00) 371 (34.10) 335 (33.50) 4179 (33.73)
 Low 329 (32.67) 284 (28.04) 340 (34.00) 333 (33.30) 340 (34.00) 347 (33.62) 347 (33.62) 376 (32.41) 349 (32.96) 340 (34.00) 350 (32.17) 330 (33.00) 4065 (32.81)
Responsible for grocery shopping
 Yes 738 (73.29) 599 (59.13) 690 (69.00) 863 (86.30) 769 (76.90) 765 (74.13) 746 (72.29) 834 (71.9) 640 (60.43) 747 (74.70) 718 (65.99) 750 (75.0) 8859 (71.5)
 No 73 (7.25) 64 (6.32) 55 (5.50) 21 (2.10) 31 (3.10) 50 (4.84) 55 (5.33) 35 (3.02) 75 (7.08) 35 (3.50) 86 (7.90) 35 (3.50) 615 (4.96)
 Share job equally 196 (19.46) 350 (34.55) 255 (25.50) 116 (11.60) 200 (20.00) 217 (21.03) 231 (22.38) 291 (25.09) 344 (32.48) 218 (21.80) 284 (26.10) 215 (21.50) 2917 (23.54)
Self-estimated diet quality
 I eat a very unhealthy diet 17 (1.69) 48 (4.74) 12 (1.20) 20 (2.00) 34 (3.40) 1 (0.10) 8 (0.78) 3 (0.26) 5 (0.47) 11 (1.10) 20 (1.84) 11 (1.10) 190 (1.53)
 I eat a mostly unhealthy diet 213 (21.15) 609 (60.12) 199 (19.90) 182 (18.20) 202 (20.20) 104 (10.08) 102 (9.88) 253 (21.81) 147 (13.88) 162 (16.20) 196 (18.01) 211 (21.10) 2580 (20.82)
 I eat a mostly healthy diet 634 (62.96) 341 (33.66) 727 (72.70) 660 (66.00) 677 (67.70) 787 (76.26) 865 (83.82) 851 (73.36) 855 (80.74) 711 (71.10) 769 (70.68) 715 (71.50) 8592 (69.34)
 I eat a very healthy diet 143 (14.20) 15 (1.48) 62 (6.20) 138 (13.80) 87 (8.70) 140 (13.57) 57 (5.52) 53 (4.57) 52 (4.91) 116 (11.60) 103 (9.47) 63 (6.30) 1029 (8.30)
Nutrition knowledge
 I do not know anything about nutrition 31 (3.08) 9 (0.89) 10 (1.00) 51 (5.10) 15 (1.50) 3 (0.29) 7 (0.68) 0 (0) 6 (0.57) 26 (2.60) 22 (2.02) 17 (1.70) 197 (1.59)
 I am not very knowledgeable about nutrition 287 (28.50) 210 (20.73) 166 (16.60) 408 (40.80) 193 (19.30) 132 (12.79) 157 (15.21) 168 (14.48) 104 (9.82) 287 (28.70) 288 (26.47) 235 (23.50) 2635 (21.27)
 I am somewhat knowledgeable about nutrition 519 (51.54) 627 (61.90) 638 (63.80) 380 (38.00) 617 (61.70) 746 (72.29) 744 (72.09) 853 (73.53) 675 (63.74) 609 (60.90) 579 (53.22) 664 (66.40) 7651 (61.75)
 I am very knowledgeable about nutrition 170 (16.88) 167 (16.49) 186 (18.60) 161 (16.10) 175 (17.50) 151 (14.63) 124 (12.02) 139 (11.98) 274 (25.87) 78 (7.80) 199 (18.29) 84 (8.40) 1908 (15.40)
Did you see the FOP label during the survey?
 No 277 (27.51) 311 (30.70) 351 (35.10) 321 (32.10) 306 (30.60) 316 (30.62) 293 (28.39) 336 (28.97) 271 (25.59) 275 (27.50) 313 (28.77) 256 (25.60) 3626 (29.26)
 Unsure 110 (10.92) 139 (13.72) 75 (7.50) 75 (7.50) 140 (14.00) 68 (6.59) 133 (12.89) 228 (19.66) 132 (12.46) 150 (15.00) 105 (9.65) 90 (9.00) 1445 (11.66)
 Yes 620 (61.57) 563 (55.58) 574 (57.40) 604 (60.40) 554 (55.40) 648 (62.79) 606 (58.72) 596 (51.38) 656 (61.95) 575 (57.50) 670 (61.58) 654 (65.40) 7320 (59.08)
Participants who recalled seeing the FoPL they were exposed to
Health Star Rating system 101 (50.00) 85 (42.08) 105 (52.50) 103 (51.50) 90 (45.00) 108 (52.43) 111 (53.62) 104 (44.83) 111 (52.36) 82 (41.00) 122 (55.96) 109 (54.5) 1231 (49.66)
Multiple Traffic Lights 150 (74.63) 120 (59.11) 125 (62.50) 138 (69.00) 128 (64.00) 149 (72.33) 135 (65.53) 159 (68.53) 152 (71.70) 140 (70.00) 145 (66.82) 160 (80.00) 1701 (68.67)
Nutri-Score 155 (77.11) 152 (75.25) 131 (65.50) 130 (65.00) 136 (68.00) 130 (62.80) 147 (71.36) 108 (46.55) 145 (68.40) 107 (53.5) 164 (75.23) 138 (69.00) 1643 (66.30)
Reference Intakes label 133 (65.84) 112 (55.17) 133 (66.50) 131 (65.50) 128 (64.00) 162 (78.64) 136 (66.02) 154 (66.38) 149 (70.62) 155 (77.5) 143 (65.90) 153 (76.50) 1689 (68.19)
Warning symbols 81 (40.30) 94 (46.31) 80 (40.00) 102 (51.00) 72 (36.00) 99 (47.83) 77 (37.20) 71 (30.60) 99 (46.70) 91 (45.5) 96 (44.04) 94 (47.00) 1056 (42.58)