Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptive table of global region, study design, sample size, sex, age, device brand, cutpoints, and risk of bias by structured settings

From: Physical activity and sedentary time of youth in structured settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Childcare
(n = 60)
School
(n = 91)
Afterschool program
(n = 14)
Summer Camp
(n = 4)
Physical activity/ Sports program
(n = 18)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Global Region
 North America 42a (70.0) 35a (38.4) 13 (92.9) 4 (100) 12 (66.7)
 Europe 10a (16.6) 40 (43.9) -- -- -- -- 4 (22.2)
 Oceania 7a (11.7) 10 (11.1) 1 (7.1) - - 2 (11.1)
 South America 1 (1.7) 1 (1.1) - - - - - -
 Asia -- -- 5 (5.5) -- -- -- -- -- --
 Africa -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Study design
 Cross-sectional 46 (76.7) 60 (65.9) 10 (71.5) 4 (100) 17 (94.4)
 RCT 11 (18.3) 11 (12.1) 2 (14.3) -- -- 1 (5.6)
 Longitudinal 3 (5.0) 7 (7.7) 1 (7.1) -- -- -- --
 Intervention -- -- 8 (8.8) -- -- -- -- -- --
 Quasi-experimental -- -- 4 (4.4) 1 (7.1) -- -- -- --
 Natural-experiment -- -- 1 (1.1) -- -- -- -- -- --
Sample size (n) 14,763 42,463 12,021 3,330 2,293
 < 30 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1 (5.6)
 30 – 200 31 (51.6) 33 (36.3) 5 (35.7) 3 (75.0) 13 (72.2)
 201 – 350 15 (25.0) 19 (20.9) 2 (14.3) 0 (0) 3 (16.6)
 351 – 600 11 (18.4) 19 (20.9) 2 (14.3) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  > 600 3 (5.0) 20 (21.9) 5 (35.7) 1 (25.0) 1 (5.6)
Sex       -     
 Boys 7,765 (52.6) 18,514 (43.6) 5,998 (49.9) 1,825 (54.8) 1,321 (57.6)
 Girls 6,998 (47.4) 23,949 (56.4) 6,023 (50.1) 1,505 (45.2) 972 (42.4)
Age (mean) 4.2 (0.7) 10.1 (2.1) 8.3 (1.3) 8.8 (1.4) 11.6 (2.0)
Device brand
 Actical 14b (23.0) 2 (2.1) - - - - 1 (5.6)
 Actigraph 42 (68.9) 80b (83.5) 14 (100) 4 (100) 16 (88.8)
 Actiheart 1 (1.6) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
 Actipal 2b (3.3) 1b (1.0) -- -- -- -- -- --
 Actitrainer 1 (1.6) 5b (5.3) -- -- -- -- -- --
 RT3 1 (1.6) 1 (1.0) -- -- -- -- -- --
 SWM -- -- 1 (1.0) -- -- -- -- -- --
 NL-100 -- -- 1 (1.0) -- -- -- -- -- --
 HJA-3501T -- -- 1 (1.0) -- -- -- -- -- --
 Polar -- -- 1 (1.0) -- -- -- -- 1 (5.6)
 Geneactiv -- -- 2 (2.1) -- -- -- -- -- --
 RT3 1 (1.6) 1 (1.0) -- -- -- -- -- --
Cut-points c
 Freedson -- -- 8 (8.5) 3 (15.8) 2 (25.0) 8 (40.0)
 Trost 1 (1.6) 5 (5.3) 1 (5.3) -- -- -- --
 Evenson 5 (8.1) 43 (45.7) 7 (36.8) 1 (12.5) 9 (45.0
 Matthews -- -- 4 (4.3) 4 (21.1) -- -- -- --
 Pate 17 (27.4) -- -- 1 (5.3) -- -- -- --
 Pfeiffer 11 (17.7) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
 Puyau 1 (1.6) 5 (5.3) 2 (10.5) 1 (12.5) 2 (10.0)
 Van Cauwenberghe 7 (11.3) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
 Treuth -- -- 4 (4.3) -- -- 1 (12.5) 1 (5.0)
 Sirard 14 (22.6) -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
 Troiano -- -- 1 (1.1) -- -- 1 (12.5) -- --
 Other 6 (9.7) 24 (25.5) 1 (5.3) 2 (25.0) -- --
Risk of bias (mean) 19.1 (1.7) 18.1 (2.3) 20.5 (1.7) 18.6 (1.6) 19.7 (1.4)
Risk of bias
 ≤ 18 20 (33.3) 45 (49.4) 2 (14.3) 8 (13.3) 1 (25.0)
 19 - 20 27 (45.0) 36 (39.6) 3 (21.4) 7 (11.7) 2 (50.0)
 ≥ 21 13 (21.7) 10 (11.0) 9 (64.3) 3 (5.0) 1 (25.0)
  1. a Study with sample from two different countries.
  2. b Two different devices were used in the same study.
  3. c Based on studies that reported at least one cut-point.