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Table 1 Physical activity research estimates by world region and income group

From: Global, regional, and national trends and patterns in physical activity research since 1950: a systematic review

  Worldcountries *(n = 217) Countries withpublications(n = 176) Number of articles meeting theinclusion criteria (n = 23,860) Mean publication rate per100,000 inhabitants** Contribution tothe total (%)
World region ***
 Africa 46 32 514 0.09 2.2
 Eastern Mediterranean 23 21 524 0.13 2.2
 Europe 62 51 8372 1.44 35.1
 The Americas and the Caribbean 44 34 10,321 1.43 43.3
 South East Asia 11 10 639 0.04 2.7
 Western Pacific 31 28 3490 0.23 14.6
Income group ****+      
 High income 81 65 19,144 1.88 80.2
 Upper middle income 55 47 3534 1.16 14.8
 Lower middle income 46 42 915 0.05 3.8
 Low income 34 22 267 0.06 1.1
  1. * Database search was conducted for the 217 world countries GoPA! list. Population, world region and income group classifications according to the World Bank. United Kingdom was divided in its 4 countries (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland)
  2. **Regional and income group population was estimated as the sum of population average by decades from 1960 to 2019
  3. + Fisher-Hayter pairwise comparisons test and Chi square test for trend of publication rate by income level p < 0.005
  4. ***World Health Organization regions: Africa - AFRO; Eastern Mediterranean EMRO; Europe - EURO; The Americas and the Caribbean - PAHO; South East Asia - SEARO; Western Pacific - WPRO
  5. ****World Bank country income classification: High Income - HICs; Upper middle income - UMICs; Lower middle income - LMICs; Low income - LICs